My previous answer touched on how Rabbinic Judaism views Islam and Christianity. You have now asked for the Islamic perception of Christianity, and how they stand against Talmudic viewpoints. Talmud is the body of Jewish civil and ceremonial law and legend comprising the Mishnah and the Gemara. There are two versions of the Talmud: the Babylonian Talmud (which dates from the 5th century AD but includes earlier material) and the earlier Palestinian or Jerusalem Talmud. I am unable to comment on what Islam thinks of Talmud.
The best I can do is to present a summary of the Muslim view of Christianity, and what Islam believes about the end times when Jesus returns as a follower of Muhammad. That will provide an insight into what Islam believes with regard to any religious group that rejects Muhammad and Allah.
Islamic Perspective of Christianity and Jesus (Isa):
Islam says Christianity is not monotheistic and the Trinity is blasphemous. They also say that Christians worship the cross. Any form of image or worship of images is blasphemous to Muslims.
Islam says Jesus was only a man and it is blasphemy to claim he was divine, the Son of God (Allah).
Islam says Jesus performed miracles through the power of God but Jesus was only a prophet. Jesus is a lesser prophet than Muhammad (who is the final prophet sent by Allah).
Islam does not believe that Jesus (or anyone else) had to die for our sins. Islam believes Allah is merciful and Muslims can earn forgiveness by doing more good deeds than bad deeds.
Islam says Jesus was not crucified and was not resurrected – he was taken up to heaven while still alive (translated). The Quran says that Allah deceived the Jews:
157 That they [the Jews] said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah” - but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not - 158 Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself, and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise - 159 And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the day of Judgement he will be a witness against them.
Please note: The Jews refuse to say Jesus is the Christ or the Messiah, neither do they (or Christians) think Jesus was the messenger of Allah. Islam cannot have a dead, then resurrected Jesus, because that proves him to be the Christian Son of God and superior to Muhammad. Ergo, Jesus did not die.
Islam says Jesus will come back as a follower of Muhammad and will kill all those who refuse to submit to Islam. In the Hadith (the Traditions) Jesus is said to play a very important role for the end times. He will kill the Dajjal (the leader of the Jews), live for a period of time and then die a natural death and be buried with the Prophet according to the Ulama of the Ahlus (Fathul - Bari & Ashratus - Sa'ah). Please note that different end-time views are held by Shi'ite Muslims and Sunni Muslims.
When Prophet Jesus returns for the second time he will reign as a Khalifh and not as a Prophet, follow the Qur'an and Sunnah and rule according to it. He will break the cross the Christians worship, elevate and spread Islam throughout the world.
I believe this new subject (how Islam views Christianity) should be a separate question. It is hugely complex and would require massive research in order to do it justice.