This post is related to How should one read the Summa Theologiae?
In Peter Turner's answer to the question posed in the above link, he states:
The arguments against are listed first, so everything St. Thomas does not think are the objections. Everything else is what he does think is true.
The "On the Contrary" part is not always there, but usually is a summation of the refutations.
In light of this, I ask: (i.) If one is going to quote a thought of St. Thomas (say, in a book)---may one quote from the Summa as coming from St. Thomas---that which begins, "On the contrary,"?
For example, in reference to IIa-IIæ Q32 A5. Whether almsgiving is a matter of precept?,
On the contrary, No man is punished eternally for omitting to do what is not a matter of precept. But some are punished eternally for omitting to give alms, as is clear from Matthew 25:41-43. Therefore almsgiving is a matter of precept.
may I quote the above as a thought coming from St. Thomas?
Regarding the next paragraph, I'm pretty sure that I may say something like:
St. Thomas says: "As love of our neighbor is a matter of precept, whatever is a necessary condition to the love of our neighbor is a matter of precept also. Now the love of our neighbor requires that not only should we be our neighbor's well-wishers, but also his well-doers, according to 1 John 3:18: 'Let us not love in word, nor in tongue, but in deed, and in truth.' And in order to be a person's well-wisher and well-doer, we ought to succor his needs: this is done by almsgiving. Therefore almsgiving is a matter of precept...."
Finally, regarding "Spiritual Alms", (ii.) is it safe to assume that the terms "Spiritual Alms" and the more current, "Spiritual Works of Mercy", are synonymous?