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Lots of battles were fought in the Bible. Some were won primarily by a miraculous act of God, such as the fall of Jericho in the days of Joshua or the defeat of Sennacherib's Assyrian army in the days of Hezekiah. The non-miraculous victory with the most enemy casualties that I know of is the Battle of Mount Zemaraim, won by Rehoboam of Judah against the Kingdom of Israel. The Bible claims 500,000 casualties.

Which battle won primarily by a miraculous act of God, fought by either the tribes (Moses through Samuel), United Kingdom (Saul to Solomon) or the Kingdom of Judah (Rehoboam to the Exile)...

  • claimed the most enemy casualties?
  • was fought against the largest opposing army?

I am looking for battles prior to the Babylonian Exile, ca 585 BC.

The greatest victory I know of is the defeat of Sennacherib, with 185,000 enemy casualties:

32 “Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city or shoot an arrow there, or come before it with a shield or cast up a siege mound against it. 33 By the way that he came, by the same he shall return, and he shall not come into this city, declares the Lord. 34 For I will defend this city to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David.” 35 And that night the angel of the Lord went out and struck down 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies. 36 Then Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and went home and lived at Nineveh. 37 And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer, his sons, struck him down with the sword and escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place. (2 Ki 19:32–37)

Is there a greater miraculous victory that I overlooked?

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    Some might say victory in the European theater of WWII was at least remarkable if not miraculous, and there was a time the UK stood alone against Hitler. Oh, you mean THAT united kingdom. Had me confused for a minute --!
    – Maverick
    Commented Apr 21, 2023 at 0:59
  • Population growth globally over the past two thousand years makes any comparison meaningless, I would suggest.
    – Nigel J
    Commented Apr 21, 2023 at 13:38
  • Are you asking for battles miraculously won prior to 931 B.C. approx?
    – Lesley
    Commented Apr 21, 2023 at 16:08
  • @Lesley - Battles recorded in the Old Testament, up to the time of the Exile, or roughly 585 BC. (There are no battles in the NT except in prophecies.) Commented Apr 21, 2023 at 16:16
  • Would this link about the various kings of the United Kingdom and then the Divided Kingdom be useful? gotquestions.org/kings-Israel-Judah.html
    – Lesley
    Commented Apr 21, 2023 at 16:21

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Sorry to disagree with the OP's premise but the Bible indeed describes the Battle of Mount Zemaraim as a miraculous victory for Judah. Unfortunately the enemy in this case was Israel. Judah's army was outnumbered 2-1 in terms of troops and the enemy king had trapped Judah's army in a ambush, effectively surrounding it.

2 Chronicles 13 then describes God's miraculous intervention in response to Judah's prayers and priestly trumpet calls:

Jeroboam (of Israel) had sent an ambush around to come on them from behind; thus his troops were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them. 14 When Judah turned, the battle was in front of them and behind them. They cried out to the Lord, and the priests blew the trumpets. 15 Then the people of Judah raised the battle shout. And when the people of Judah shouted, God defeated Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16 The Israelites fled before Judah, and God gave them into their hands. 17 Abijah and his army defeated them with great slaughter; five hundred thousand picked men of Israel fell slain.

Biblical numbers of soldiers and casualties are highly controversial, and may be taken with a grain of salt. However, the answer to the OP's question is the Battle of Mount Zemaraim. God's decisive response to prayer in the midst of a hopeless military situation is definitely miraculous.

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    No need to be sorry. I was exhausted when I posted the question and overlooked that important detail. Commented Apr 22, 2023 at 1:32

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