I was reading a Tampa Bay Times article published on 5 March 2005, Jewish, Catholic, Protestant commandments differ, which prompted my question: Why is Judaism's ten commandments different from Catholicism's?
Why is Jewish 10 commandments different from Catholic?
It is not only the Catholic Church’s Ten Commandments that are different from the Jewish Ten Commandments; the Protestant Ten Commandments are also different from the Jewish Ten Commandments!
Catholics and Lutherans follow St. Augustine’s numeration of the Sacred Text concerning the Ten Commandments.
Protestants usually, use the form which appears in the first Exodus version from chapter 20. Scholars have identified both Exodus versions as having probably been written in the tenth century BC.
Abbreviated Protestant Ten Commandments
You shall have no other gods but me.
You shall not make unto you any graven images
You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain You shall remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
Honour your mother and father
You shall not murder
You shall not commit adultery
You shall not steal
You shall not bear false witness
You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbour
Whenever someone tries to have the Ten Commandments posted by the government on public property, it is almost inevitable that this Protestant version is chosen over Catholic and Jewish versions. The reason is likely the long-standing Protestant dominance in American public and civic life.
There have always been more Protestants in America than any other religious denomination, and so whenever religion has intruded into state activities, it has typically done so from a Protestant perspective. When students were expected to read the Bible in public schools, for example, they were forced to read the King James translation favored by Protestants; the Catholic Douay translation was forbidden. - Comparing the Ten Commandments