2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 is

"16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who by grace has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope, 17 encourage your hearts and strengthen you in every good word and deed." (Berean Standard Bible)

This seems a bit strange, as St. Paul is mentioning Jesus and the Father, but then uses singular verbs at 17. One explanation of this sometimes given by Trinitarians is that St. Paul is gesturing toward the Trinitarian nature of God with this grammatical usage.

How do Biblical Unitarians understand Paul's grammar at 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17?

  • και ο θεος και πατηρ ημων ο αγαπησας ημας and the God and Father of us who loved us. The original Greek is clear in that one Person (the God and Father of us who loved us) is being referred to. The article 'the' brackets both 'God' and 'Father' (Sharp's rule). I don't see how there can be any ambiguity here. Perhaps ask this question in SE-BH for a full explanation of the Greek construct.
    – Nigel J
    Commented Oct 3, 2022 at 2:08
  • Also note the singular Aorist verbs in v. 17 Commented Oct 5, 2022 at 17:38
  • @NigelJ Ambiguity about what? Commented Oct 5, 2022 at 17:48
  • @TheChaz2.0 Right. What do you think follows from that? Commented Oct 5, 2022 at 17:48
  • @NigelJ I've modified the question to focus on 17. Commented Oct 5, 2022 at 18:07


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