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The glorified body of Jesus who appeared to the disciples after resurrection is one of the most foundational truths of Christianity, the basis of our hope for our future resurrection of the body as well.

My question: since in his glorified body Jesus ate and drank with his disciples before his Ascension (Lk 24:42-43,John 21:12-14,Acts 10:41-43), can we conclude that there is eating and drinking in the new heaven and new earth since we will have similar glorified body that Jesus has, and which was shown to be capable of eating and drinking?

Or should we interpret the verses as "accommodation" only, so that Jesus can prove to the disciples that he is REAL and/or that the resurrection is BODILY (not just spirit)? Or maybe we should interpret the eating and drinking not literally, but find the theological message behind them?

Food for thoughts

  1. For an argument that Luke didn't intend the eating and drinking to be read literally, read the 1988 Gregorianum journal article Did Jesus Eat the Fish (Luke 24:42-43)? by Jesuit scholar Gerald O'Collins.

  2. If there IS eating and drinking in the new creation, how about the final product of our glorified digestive system? Pardon the image, but are there toilets in heaven? How about the 39 trillion microbes that we carry in our human microbiome, are they glorified as well?

  3. If there is NO eating and drinking in the new creation, how should we understand the references to the

    • Great Banquet ("eat at the feast" cf. Luke 14:18-24, "eat and drink at my table" cf. Luke 22:29-30), and the
    • Marriage Supper of the Lamb ("until that day when I drink it anew with you" cf. Matt 26:29, "I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes" cf. Luke 22:16, "Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!" cf. Rev 19:6-9)?
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  • Note: if denominational scoping is necessary, please comment and I'll modify the question. Apr 30, 2022 at 16:27
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    Religious leader David O. McKay is reported to have said if there aren't chocolate brownies in heaven, I don't want to go =) Apr 30, 2022 at 17:15
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    @HoldToTheRod For me, a glorified plant-based steak would be nice (no cows are hurt in the meal preparation :-) ) Apr 30, 2022 at 17:41
  • @GratefulDisciple. How about lab grown meat? Yummy sounding ain’t it?
    – Kris
    Jun 23, 2023 at 22:06
  • @User14 Interesting possibility. I honestly wonder how scientists would feel if there are no labs in the new earth; they must feel deprived. As a software developer and a pianist, I want to imagine there are STILL computers and musical instruments ! Jun 23, 2023 at 22:11

1 Answer 1

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At the last supper Jesus said:

But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom. (Matt. 26:29)

The plainest rendering of this passage indicates there will be eating/drinking in heaven. In mortality, food & drink are necessary for survival. In the resurrection, the incorruptible bodies Paul speaks of (e.g. 1 Cor. 15:53) apparently will not die for lack of food.

This suggests, at least tentatively, that consumption of food & beverage in heaven will be available, but not necessary.

Regrettably, neither does Paul tell us anything about the Celestial digestive system, nor does John report on the sewage system in the new heaven & new earth.

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