This question is scoped to Christians who believe that:
- humans have libertarian free will (or at least are given temporarily some form of genuine freedom of the will through divine grace in specific circumstances)
- everyone has a fair chance to be saved at least once in their life (i.e. no one is born in conditions where salvation is theoretically impossible, or, alternatively, everyone is given enough grace to have the opportunity to freely choose salvation at least once before judgement)
If the above is true, then how can this be reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?
Romans 10:11-17 (ESV)
11 For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. 13 For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
14 How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone preaching? 15 And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!” 16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?” 17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.
John 6:44 (ESV)
44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.
From both passages someone might feel compelled to infer two (necessary?) conditions for salvation:
- Condition 1: a human preacher has to preach the gospel to the person (from Romans 10:11-17)
- Condition 2: the Father has to draw the person to Jesus (from John 6:44)
Regarding John 6:44, note that Calvinists would also conclude that salvation cannot be lost (if the Father draws you, your salvation is guaranteed, because Jesus will raise you up on the last day (related insightful debate for the curious here)).
Back to the question, if these are two (necessary?/sufficient?) conditions for salvation, then how is it possible for everyone to have a fair chance to be saved? What happens with those who are never drawn by the Father and/or never visited by a human preacher that preaches the gospel to them (e.g. see uncontacted peoples)?
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