There is a three day period between Jesus's death and resurrection. Where does the Catholic Church teach Jesus's soul was during that time?
man dies when the soul is separated from the body. When, therefore, we say that Jesus died, we mean that His soul was disunited from His body. We do not admit, however, that the Divinity was separated from His body. On the contrary, we firmly believe and profess that when His soul was dissociated from His body, His Divinity continued always united both to His body in the sepulchre and to His soul in [the] limbo [of the Fathers, "Abraham's Bosom"].