Why do theologians and philosophers suppose a connection between God's Infiniteness or Finiteness and Omnipresence, and Problem of Evil?
Proponents of God's Finiteness (like William James), suppose that this explains why Evil present in the World.
Proponents of God's Infiniteness (like most theologians and philosophers) say: He is Omnipotent, and Omnipresent, so He should be Infinite.
Let's examine these rationally:
Christian Scholars usually allude to God an Infiniteness, i.e: space (not matter) is infinite, and God fills the whole space, hence He is Infinite. Also, God is Eternal (infinity in time). Look, for example, Thomas Aquinas, on (Infinity of God), on encyclopedia.com.
I searched much more in the Bible to find Verses or passages that hint to Infiniteness of God, especially in Space and Consciousness, I couldn't find.
To be accurate, there are two passages that hint to God's Omnipresence, i.e: Psalms 139:7-12, and Hebrews 4:13.
Omnipresent doesn't mean Infinite in Space and Consciousness. All that it may means is that the Omnipresent God Permeates His creation; His creation=the World+the Living Beings. Thus, God is Omnipresent in His Creation.
Finite in Space and Consciousness doesn't mean lack of Omnipotence and Presence of Evil. I.e: doesn't justify the Presence of Evil. Those philosophers who looked upon Evil from narrow scope. Evil is required as part of involution that precedes evolution, also, it may be considered as byproduct of FREEDOM granted to Human Beings.
Of course God is Infinite in Time, i.e: He is Eternal. I.e: He can't, and couldn't die.
In philosophy there are many philosophers who assume God's Finiteness, e.g: Charles Renouvier and William James.
Could you, please, give me Biblical evidences for God (Finiteness) or (Infiniteness) in Space, and Consciousness?