With minor variations, most Christian denominations generally believe that:

  • Satan, Lucifer, the Devil, the Serpent, etc. are all the same being.
  • Lucifer rebelled against God.
  • One third of the angels went with Lucifer.
  • Lucifer, Michael, and Gabriel are archangels.

Obviously Lucifer (and presumably the other archangels) have free will.

What isn't obvious is whether:

  • Lucifer was a leader of a third of the angels, and they naturally went with him.
  • A third of all angels individually chose, of their own free will, to join Lucifer.

Do any denominations specifically teach one way or the other?

(Do angels have free will? asks a similar question, but the answers don't distinguish between Lucifer and angels in general.)

  • If they don’t have free will all the evil they perpetrate is on God
    – Kris
    Aug 2 at 22:56
  • @Kris, if they don't have free will, they do whatever Satan wants, so if "on God" it's only in the sense that Satan's behaviour is on God. But the question isn't about whether they do have free will, but whether any Christian denominations claim that they do (or don't). Aug 3 at 0:40

Jehovah’s Witnesses teach that all spirit creature were created with free will. This stated in this article


When God created spirit creatures, he made them free moral agents, able to choose for themselves whether to do good or bad. Sadly, after the creation of humankind, an undisclosed number of angels chose to do bad by rebelling against God.

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