Was the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) known by the Jews prior to the advent of Christianity? Were there Jews that held a Binitarian, Trinitarian or similar "Godhead" theology as a result of studying the Torah, long before Christianity came on the scene?

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  • "In the beginning [...] the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters." (Genesis 1:1-2) I don't know offhand how Jews interpreted this, but Trinitarians often take this as referring to the persons of both the Father and the Holy Spirit. I believe there are other Trinitarian references in the OT, though I can't recall specific others offhand. (Also, same disclaimer; I can't actually answer your question.)
    – Matthew
    Apr 12 at 2:46

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