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Is focusing on your breathing to meditate banned in the Orthodox church, in particular the Serbian Orthodox church? I know that it's not allowed to not focus on anything at all, because the devil will enter the mind in such cases. However what if I just focused on my breathing instead, and in case that it's not allowed either, is there an Orthodox alternative to it, which gives the same or better benefits?

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    "I know that it's not allowed to not focus on anything at all, because the devil will enter the mind in such cases." How do you know this? Are you sure this is Orthodox teaching?
    – curiousdannii
    Apr 5, 2021 at 12:32
  • "I know that it's not allowed to not focus on anything at all." I would be interested in seeing a source on this, as well. In the case of breathing, it's a fundamental part of hesychastic practice, so far from being "not allowed", acceptance/belief in it is almost required on a quasi-dogmatic level due to the Fifth Council of Constantinople.
    – semblable
    Apr 7, 2021 at 20:33

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Being Eastern Catholic, I’d say you need to be aware that because of the similarities between some eastern spiritual practices and the practices of the orthodox there is sensitivity amongst the Eastern churches of west’s accusations that we engage in pagan meditation techniques.

I think we need to get over our hang ups with the west’s accusations.

Our traditions; including the Jesus prayer is built around the breath.

As long as you remain theologically sound, practice mindfulness as you will.

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    Ding Ferreira, I understand where you are going, but could you be a little bit more clearer and perhaps add a few linked sources would improve your post. You have a good point to make here.
    – Ken Graham
    Apr 6, 2021 at 3:54
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Is mindfulness banned in the Eastern Orthodox church? No.

As is often the case, I don't think there is a concrete "Eastern Orthodox opinion" on this. You should consult with your priest, as his opinion will matter most, but here is the opinion of other Orthodox people.

Mindfulness itself is very important, as long as it's practiced in a Christian way. There is actually a Greek word that could be comparable to "mindfulness," "nepsis" (νῆψις). Steadying your thoughts is part of asceticism:

A mind that is left to its own devices will remain untrained. An untrained mind is impossible to control. It will remain jumping from one thought to another just like a butterfly in a field of flowers. It will quickly jump from one flower to the another in what seems like a random pattern. To develop mindfulness or watchfulness requires ascetic disciplines, such as prayer and fasting, as well as help from the Holy Spirit.

--Being Watchful, from St. George Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Greenville, SC, USA.

I know that it's not allowed to not focus on anything at all, because the devil will enter the mind in such cases.

Not sure about that, see below.

is there an Orthodox alternative to it, which gives the same or better benefits?

My goodness, yes, the Jesus Prayer: "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner."

There is also the type of meditation and contemplation done totally in silence, without any words or images or thoughtful activity at all, not even psalmody. The person merely sits in silence, often in the presence of holy icons, and emptying his mind of all thoughts, imaginations and desires, listens to God in silence, the divine “language of the Kingdom of heaven” (Saint Isaac of Syria). This type of meditation, for a person of unceasing prayer, will be the “prayer of silence,” with the “bubbling spring” of the Jesus Prayer as its only foundation and background. In such contemplative prayer and prayerful contemplation, the spirit of man becomes one with the Spirit of God (cf. 1 Cor 6.17).

--The Orthodox Faith by Fr. Thomas Hopko

I think it's fine to focus on your breath, you could even pray "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God" while breathing in and "have mercy on me, a sinner" while breathing out.

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Saint Vyacheslav Krasheninnikov was against deep breathing methods, needle therapy, massages, etc. Yogis levitate because demons lift them. Similarly, the antichrist flies quickly because demons carry him fast; deceived people say: "Christ is here; Christ is there!".

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