For Strong's Hebrew number 7854 (Satan) the Brown-Driver-Briggs' notes give these meanings:

(1) adversary, one who withstands

(1a) adversary (in general — personal or national)

(2) superhuman adversary

(2a) Satan (as noun proper)

And Strong gives us:

From H7853; an opponent; especially (with the article prefixed) Satan, the arch enemy of good: - adversary, Satan, withstand.

Whereas SH7834 has:

A primitive root; to attack, (figuratively) accuse: - (be an) adversary, resist.

The first meaning of SH7835 seems to agree with the root form. The second sticks out as quite a bit different.

Can anyone explain where this second meaning (superhuman adversary & proper noun) comes from (ideally with sources I can go and look at) and from what point in time this second meaning might have been contemporarily understood?


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