Why is the Jewish Passover on 28 March 2021 but Good Friday is on 2 April 2021?
Actually everything is in its’ proper place.
Easter is a “movable feast” and does not have a fixed date. However, it is always held on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25.
Over a 500-year period (from 1600 to 2099 AD), it just so happens that Easter will have most often been celebrated on either March 31 or April 16.
Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday following the full Moon that occurs on or just after the spring equinox.
According to a Fourth Century ruling, of the Council of Nicea, the date of Easter is set for the first Sunday following the Paschal Full Moon, which is the first full Moon of Spring, occurring on or shortly after the vernal equinox, or spring equinox. March 22 is the earliest Easter can occur on any given year, and April 25 is the latest. If that first spring full Moon occurs on a Sunday, then Easter will be observed the following Sunday.
The Date Of Easter And Its Controversies
Fixing the date on which the Resurrection of Jesus was to be observed and celebrated triggered a major controversy in early Christianity in which an Eastern and a Western position can be distinguished. The dispute, known as the Paschal controversies, was not definitively resolved until the 8th century. In Asia Minor, Christians observed the day of the Crucifixion on the same day that Jews celebrated the Passover offering—that is, on the 14th day of the first full moon of spring, 14 Nisan (see Jewish calendar). The Resurrection, then, was observed two days later, on 16 Nisan, regardless of the day of the week. In the West the Resurrection of Jesus was celebrated on the first day of the week, Sunday, when Jesus had risen from the dead. Consequently, Easter was always celebrated on the first Sunday after the 14th day of the month of Nisan. Increasingly, the churches opted for the Sunday celebration, and the Quartodecimans (“14th day” proponents) remained a minority. The Council of Nicaea in 325 decreed that Easter should be observed on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox (March 21). Easter, therefore, can fall on any Sunday between March 22 and April 25.
The first full moon after the spring equinox of 2021 falls on March 28th, so everything is absolutely normal.
Easter never falls on the exact date of the first full moon of Spring, so as to avoid being celebrated at the same time as the Jewish Passover.