We read of the Annunciation at Lk 1:26-27:
In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary.
Mt 1:22-23 give a cross-reference of the Nativity to Isiah 7:14, thus:
All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet : “Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel.”
Now, one finds this interesting entry in Wikipedia:
The original Hebrew word that has since been translated as virgin was `almah' which derives from a root meaning "to be full of vigor, to have reached puberty". In the ancient, Near East girls received value as potential wives and bearers of children: "A wife, who came into her husband's household as an outsider, contributed her labor and her fertility ... her task was to build up the house by bearing children, particularly sons" Scholars thus agree that almah refers to a woman of childbearing age without implying virginity.
Let us also look at modern times. In northern India, an unmarried girl is called ``Kanya '(virgin), and the prefix to her name viz. Kumari (counterpart of Miss in English) also denotes virgin-hood.
We see the Old Testament sometimes using the term ``virgin' to point to the social status of virgin-hood, that is, to denote females who are yet to be married, for instance,
The following is a list of what was captured by the soldiers, in addition to what they kept for themselves: 675,000 sheep and goats, 72,000 cattle, 61,000 donkeys, and 32,000 virgins. - Numbers 31:32-35
But we also see on the Old Testament using the term “virginity” to denote the physical stage of an individual who has not been initiated into sexual life, e.g. in Deut. 22:14 : So he makes up false charges against her, accusing her of not being a virgin when they got married.
But it seems that Isaiah 7:14 (following which Evangelist Luke appears to have used the term `virgin') used the original Hebrew word almah, which per se denotes the marital status of the girl, and not her physical status of being uninitiated into sexual life.
NB: It is altogether a different fact that Mary acknowledges her physical virginity before the Angel (Lk 1:34). Hence,no doubt that the conception of Jesus was a virgin conception.
With so much of discussion taking place is CSE on the perpetual virginity of the Blessed Mother, one is compelled to ask this question : According to Catholic Church, what was the original intent behind the term “virgin” as used by Evangelist Luke for Mary?