An answer to this question, According to Catholicism, does reception of the gift of the Holy Spirit protect against demon possession?, indicates that the Catholic Church holds that everyone is liable to be possessed by the devil or demonic spirits. The notion of willful participation with the occult being a means of opening oneself up to demonic influence is taken out of the equation by the example given of a group of Nuns who were possessed through the curse of an ill-intentioned person.
I was unable to find any explicit statement from the Catholic Church regarding whether being "in Christ" affords any protection against demon possession. I did, however, find many references to "demonic affliction of the faithful" and "exorcism for the faithful" in the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops following the 2016 translation of De Exorcismis et Supplicationibus Quibusdam (Exorcisms and Related Supplications):
The Latin Church Bishops of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops approved the English translation of De Exorcismis et Supplicationibus Quibusdam, editio typica in November 2014. The final text of Exorcisms and Related Supplications (ERS) was confirmed by the Holy See in December 2016 and implemented in the dioceses of the United States as of June 29, 2017. In the course of the approval process, a list of frequently asked questions on exorcism and its use in the Church's liturgical life was developed by the Secretariat of Divine Worship. Answers were provided by specialists in this ministry and by experts in canon law. Since so much of the common perception of the nature and application of exorcism is shaped by the exaggerations of movie scripts and television programs, the Committee on Divine Worship has approved dissemination of these basic questions and answers, in hopes that clear information is brought to bear on a topic that is often shrouded in mystery or misinformation.
It appears clearly indicated in the various questions and answers that the Roman Catholic Church does, indeed, teach that every human being (Catholic faithful or not) is liable to be possessed by demons and come in need of exorcism:
May anyone receive a "major exorcism?"
Since the rites of exorcism are categorized as sacramentals, effectively as blessings, the practice of who may receive a "major exorcism" is governed by canon 1170 of the Code of Canon Law. The following are able to receive this specialized blessing if it is determined necessary: 1) Catholics; 2) Catechumens; 3) Non-Catholic Christians who request it; and 4) Non-Christian believers provided they have the proper disposition—meaning, they are sincere in their desire to be free of demonic influence. In cases involving a non-Catholic, the matter should be brought to the attention of the Diocesan Bishop (cf. ERS, no. 18).
(As an aside, what in the world is a non-christian believer?)
When and how is an afflicted member of the faithful referred to an exorcist?
It is advisable that every diocese establish a protocol to respond to inquiries made by the faithful who claim to be demonically afflicted. As part of the protocol, an assessment should occur to determine the true state of the person.Only after a thorough examination including medical, psychological, and psychiatric testing might the person be referred to the exorcist for a final determination regarding demonic possession. To be clear, the actual determination of whether a member of the faithful is genuinely possessed by the devil is made by the Church, even if individuals claim to be possessed through their own self-diagnosis or psychosis.
Do afflicted members of the faithful undergo medical or psychological examination prior to the use of exorcism?
As part of the evaluation process (which can be established in a diocesan protocol), the afflicted member of the faithful should avail himself/herself of a thorough medical and psychological/psychiatric evaluation. Frequently, individuals present themselves claiming to be afflicted in any number of ways. Historically, however, the Church has exercised caution when evaluating such individuals for fear of unnecessarily drawing attention to the machinations of the devil or giving credit where no credit is due.
Unless some different understanding of "the faithful" exists in Roman Catholicism it appears as though this church teaches that there is no one for whom demonic possession is impossible even against their own will.
Is this teaching specific to Western (Latin Rite) Catholics or do Eastern Catholic traditions teach the same universal vulnerability?
If it is not to broad, are there any other Christian traditions that teach this same universal vulnerability?