The usual date given for the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in academic and Christian publications is either 587 BCE or 586 BCE. The Watchtower claims it was destroyed in 607 BCE.

This date is critically important to them, because on it Charles Taze Russell calculated the year 1914 (2520 years later).

What do Jehovah's Witnesses think is the evidence for 607 BCE as the year of the destruction of Jerusalem? Please note, there are two kinds of evidence I consider acceptable: Biblical evidence and extra-Biblical evidence. It is really fine if only Biblical evidence is offered, but in such a case please indicate why you think the JW interpretation is correct.

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    wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2011736. Good start here – Kris Aug 4 '20 at 3:11
  • The scriptures speak of seventy years of Babylonian captivity (Jeremiah 25:11-12, 29:10; Daniel 9:2; Zechariah 7:5), ending with the first year of Cyrus, in 539/8 BC (2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1, 5:13, 6:3). But not all regions of the Holy Land were conquered simultaneously (2 Kings 24:12, 25:1, 25:8). – Lucian Aug 4 '20 at 6:14
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    @Nigel J - Perhaps one of the Jehovah's Witnesses might tell us in their answer why it does matter. – Andrew Shanks Aug 4 '20 at 7:33
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    @Lucian That could be a good and helpful answer. Why on earth do you not post it as such and expand it - properly - with referenced quotations ? ? ? – Nigel J Aug 4 '20 at 9:36
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    biblefriendlybooks.com/2016/07/… – 1982 Aug 5 '20 at 12:42
  • Battle of Megiddo (June 609 BC, based on Brooklyn Museum artifact) when King Josiah is defeated. - Josiah's son Jehoahaz ruled Jerusalem (3 months, until September 609 BC). - [ 2 Chronicles 36 ] Josiah's other son Eliakim (called " Jehoiakim " by Egyptians). - [Daniel 1] : "In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it." (606 BC)

By those dates referenced in the Tanakh starting from the date published by Brooklyn Museum relating to commemorative statue of Necho II, the argument could be made Nebuchadnezzar "conquered" Jerusalem around 607-606 BC.

  • Yes we agree the Battle of Megiddo at which Josiah died was in the summer of 609 BCE. But we are told that Jehoiakim reigned 11 years (2 Chron 36:5), after him came Jeconaih (Jehoiachin) a few months and after him Zedekiah who reigned 11 years (2 Chron 36:11) at the end of which Jerusalem was finally destroyed. How do you fit this into the JW chronology? (I am not sure you are qualified to represent the JW point of view? But thank you for the answer.) – Andrew Shanks Aug 5 '20 at 22:14
  • Thanks, Andrews! I was just helping solve a puzzle that helps reveal biblical truth. – חִידָה Aug 5 '20 at 22:20
  • You're welcome... except I was too tired to get it right! Josiah killed 609; Jehoahaz 3 months; Jehoiakim 11 years; Jehoiachin (Jeconiah) 3 months; Zedekiah 11 years. The Jews used the Non-Accession Year dating method which I expect both these (round-number) "11 year" reign lengths are using. Thus "11 years" can be anything between a couple of days over 9 years(!) and fully 11 years. Using Non-Accession method an 11 year reign contains 10 New Year's Days (1st Tishri). – Andrew Shanks Aug 6 '20 at 8:33
  • Furthermore, the Watchtower put the Battle of Megiddo and Josiah's death both at 629 BC. Their dates, once again, do not agree with Egyptian history, which puts the reign of Necho II as 610 to 595 BC, so obviously he couldn't have killed Josiah in 629 BC. The Egyptian chronology is confirmed independently from all the other chronologies (ie the Assyrian, Babylonian and Bible chronologies). The point of agreement between the Watchtower and everyone else is the reign of Cambyses II - everyone agrees he reigned from 530 to 522 BC. It was him who conquered Egypt and ended the 26th dynasty and – Andrew Shanks Oct 18 '20 at 12:02
  • 26th dynasty and the reign of Pharaoh Psammeticus III in May/June 525 BC. (See the JW publication "Aid to Bible Understanding" page 1294 on "Persia, Persians" section on "From Cyrus' Death to Nehemiah's Governorship".) – Andrew Shanks Oct 18 '20 at 12:17

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