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The following is what Joseph Smith said from "Doctrines & Covenants, Section 130, Paragraph 3 regarding John 14:23.

John 14:23—The appearing of the Father and the Son, in that verse, is a personal appearance; and the idea that the Father and the Son can dwell in a man’s heart is an old sectarian notion, and is false."

Here is what the verse says

John 14:23,"If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word, and my Father will love him, and We shall come to him, and make Our abode with him."

The "we" of "we will come unto him" refers to the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. In other words, the disciple becomes the residence of God. the Apostle Paul elaborates on this truth when he says, "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?" 1 Corinthians 3:16.

Paul also said, "Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own." 1 Corinthians 6:19.

Other verses would include 1 John 4:15, "Whosoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in Him, and he in God." Ephesians 3:17 and Revelation 3:20 also support God making His abode in believers.

It is my opinion on this is since Smith and his followers believe that God has a body of flesh and bone and cannot be everywhere present at the same time therefore God cannot indwell a believer.

I decided to look up the word "sectarian" that Smith used. "Denoting or concerning a sect or sects." Is not this the question that Smith asked God the Father and God the Son? "Which of all the sects was right that I might know which to join."

The answer he received was,

" I must join none of them, for they were all wrong; and the personage who addressed me said that all their creeds were an abomination in his sight; that those professors were all corrupt; that they draw near to me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me; they teach for doctrines the commandments of man, having the form of godliness, but they deny the power thereof."

So my question is:

On what basis did Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith declare that God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit cannot indwell a believer?

I meant to post Romans 8:11 but simply forgot. "

But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies THROUGH HIS SPIRIT WHO INDWELLS YOU."

The following is the LDS view of the Holy Spirit, https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/manual/gospel-topics/holy-ghost? lang=eng

Notice the statement:

All honest seekers of the truth can feel the influence of the Holy Ghost, leading them to Jesus Christ and His gospel."

The Dictionary defines "feelings," Feeling is a general term for a subjective point of view as well as for specific sensations; readily affected by emotion. The point is that "truth" is not based on subjective feelings or emotions.

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    Your quote from Smith only refers to the Father and Son, not the Spirit? – curiousdannii Jun 20 at 4:27
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    Doctrine and Covenants 130:3 says that the Father and the Son don't dwell in a person's heart, but doesn't address the Holy Spirit – so there isn't a contradiction with 1 Corinthians 3:16 or 6:19. John 14:23 and Revelation 3:20 talk about the Father and Son abiding with us, which isn't strictly the same as dwelling "in the heart." 1 John 4:15 and Ephesians 3:17 are the only New Testament verses you mention that seem to be relevant for the question. – Samuel Bradshaw Jun 20 at 4:35
  • If joseph smith denied that the FSHS cannot indwell a believer that would mean that he in fact believed that such indwelling does occur. – Kris Jun 20 at 13:20
  • @Kris Let me put your statement another way using you as an example. If Kris denied that the FSHS cannot indwell a believer that would mean that you in fact believed that such indwelling does occur. So Kris, does the FSHS indwell a believer once they put their faith/trust in the finished work of Jesus Christ? – Mr. Bond Jun 20 at 15:57
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    The last part of your question (everything following "Notice the statement:") would be better posed as a separate question, since it appears to not be relevant to the main question at hand. – NeutronStar Jun 20 at 23:01
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On what basis did Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith deny that God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit cannot indwell a believer?

As others have pointed out in the comments, Joseph Smith did not say that the Holy Spirit cannot indwell a believer, only that the Father and the Son cannot. Doctrine and Covenants 130:3 that you quoted says "the idea that the Father and the Son can dwell in a man’s heart is an old sectarian notion, and is false." No mention is made here of the Holy Spirit.

With that established, your supposition

It is my opinion on this is since Smith and his followers believe that God has a body of flesh and bone and cannot be everywhere present at the same time therefore God cannot indwell a believer.

seems a reasonable explanation for why Joseph Smith would teach that the Father and the Son (both held by Joseph Smith to be embodied Beings) cannot dwell in a person's heart.

Off the top of my head, I cannot think of any other scripture that could be used as a basis for this, other than the passages (including Joseph Smith's own accounts of seeing the Father and the Son) stating further that the Father and the Son have bodies. I would welcome any additional exposition people have to add to my answer.

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On what basis did Mormon Prophet Joseph Smith declare that God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit cannot indwell a believer?

The scripture you quote is from Doctrine and Covenants which is

a collection of divine revelations and inspired declarations given for the establishment and regulation of the kingdom of God on the earth in the last days.1

So if you take the Doctrine and Covenants as the word of God as members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do, then this isn't just a random person saying these things, but a prophet of God who received revelation or inspiration on John 14.

The definition of sectarian from 1820:

one of a party in religion which has separated itself from the established church, or which holds tenets different from those of the prevailing denomination in a kingdom or state.

As Joseph Smith is the prophet of the restoration (according to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), Joseph was saying that the belief that "the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit" can dwell within a believer is one of the tenets that differed from those taught in the original church from when Christ was on the earth.

1 Doctrine & Covenants Introduction

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