The following article may be useful to you. This extract is about the Jewish Shabbat:
Jewish law (halakha) prohibits doing any form of melakhah (מְלָאכָה, plural melakhoth) on Shabbat, unless an urgent human or medical need is life-threatening. Though melakhah is commonly translated as "work" in English, a better definition is "deliberate activity" or "skill and craftmanship". There are 39 categories of prohibited activities (melakhoth) listed in Mishnah Tractate Shabbat 7:2. Many rabbinic scholars have pointed out that these labors have in common activity that is "creative", or that exercises control or dominion over one's environment. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabbat#Prohibited_activities
This article discusses the Biblical Sabbath and Tanakh: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Sabbath#Tanakh
During the time of Jesus there was an instance when he and his disciples were walking through a cornfield on the Sabbath. Because they were hungry, they picked some ears of corn to eat. When the Pharisees saw this they accused Jesus of allowing his disciples to do what is unlawful on the Sabbath (Matthew 12:1-8).
Deuteronomy 23:24 says it is lawful to eat grapes from a neighbour’s vineyard, but unlawful to put his grapes into your basket. Deuteronomy 23:25 says it is lawful to pick a neighbour’s ears of corn with your hands, but it is unlawful to take a sickle to his standing corn. However, these restrictions come under the heading of Miscellaneous Laws, and have nothing to do with Sabbath-keeping.
This was confirmed by a participant on Judaism Stack Exchange.
Luke 13:10-17 describes an incident when Jesus healed a woman on the Sabbath. The Synagogue ruler told the people that if any healing was to be done, it would have to be done on the six days in the week allocated for work and not on the Sabbath (Exodus 20:9-11). Jesus exposed their hypocrisy by pointing out that they had more regard for the welfare of an animal than for the welfare of a person. They pretended to be zealous for the law, but their motives were to attack Jesus and his miraculous healing.
I found this link on the Judaism section of Stack Exchange, but it is somewhat basic: https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/633659/jewish/What-Is-Shabbat.htm
It is possible that you could find more detailed information here: Shabbat (Hebrew: שבת) is the first tractate (book) in the Order (Mishnaic section) of Moed, of the Mishnah and Talmud. The tractate consists of 24 chapters. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabbat_(Talmud)