Jesus was accused of blasphemy by the Jews because they wrongly leaped to the conclusion that saying “I am the Son of God” was tantamount to saying “I am God”.
How did Jesus respond to this erroneous point of view?
The Catholic Jerusalem Bible reads: “
Jesus said to them, ‘I have done many good works for you to see, works from my Father; for which of these are you stoning me?’ The Jews answered him, ‘We are not stoning you for doing a good work but for blasphemy: you are only a man and you claim to be God’. Jesus answered: ‘Is it not written in your Law: I said, you are gods? So the Law uses the word gods of those to whom the word of God was addressed, and scripture cannot be rejected. Yet you say to someone the Father has consecrated and sent into the world, “You are blaspheming”, because he says, “I am the Son of God”. If I am not doing my Father’s work, there is no need to believe me; but if I am doing it, then even if you refuse to believe in me, at least believe in the work I do; then you will know for sure that the Father is in me and I am in the Father’” —John 10:32-38.
These Jews evidently jumped to the conclusion that Jesus was making himself God because Jesus attributed to himself powers that the Jews believed belonged only to the Father.
Jesus had previously said that he would give “eternal life” to the “sheep.”
The Jews knew no human could do that.
But they were overlooking that Jesus acknowledged having received everything from his Father, and that the fine works he was doing proved that he was his Father’s representative.
When questioned before the Sanhedrin, Jesus was falsely accused of blasphemy, not because of claiming to be ‘God the Son,’ but because of claiming to be the ‘Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ (Matt. 26:63-68; Luke 22:66-71)
The Jews began seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath but he was also calling God his own Father, making himself equal to God.”
Jesus hadn’t said he was God. He called ‘God his Father.’ The Jews objected to his claiming this relationship to his Father, this special Sonship.
And just as they were wrong in labeling Jesus as a Sabbath breaker, they were also wrong in their assertion about Jesus’ making himself equal to God because of ‘calling God his own Father.’
The above is paraphrased from an article entitled How are God and Christ One?