Arguing against the teaching that Jesus is a created being, some point out that calling him the firstborn of all creation (Colossians 1:15) does not mean the first created.
The trinitarian will often say that had the scripture intended to say Jesus is the first created thing the word Protoktistos would have been used rather than prototokos. Then they state that the word Protoktistos is never used in connection with Jesus.

My question is: Can you cite examples in the scriptures where the word Protoktistos is used? I would like to compare the places it is used with the places where prototokos is used.

  • I asked this also on BHSE. Really quiet over there today.
    – Kris
    Jan 18, 2020 at 23:21
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    I believe you refer to Colossians 1:15 (not 1:13) regarding the supremacy of Christ and him being the firstborn from among the dead?
    – Lesley
    Jan 19, 2020 at 9:02
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    Cross posting is discouraged, especially when so little time has passed between postings (10 hours). You should know this Kris. See your other question here.
    – Ken Graham
    Jan 19, 2020 at 14:12
  • @Lesley yes 1:15 not 1:13 firstborn over all creation.
    – Kris
    Jan 19, 2020 at 14:16
  • @KenGraham Didn’t know that.
    – Kris
    Jan 19, 2020 at 14:20

4 Answers 4


I am quoting from Young's Concordance and therefore looking at the KJV :-

Κτιστης Ktistes 'Creator' occurs once.

... served the creature more than the Creator [Romans 1:25]

Κτιζο, ktizo - the verb to create - occurs fourteen times.

But neither protoktizo nor protoktistos nor protoktistes ever occur in the (KJV) bible.

My 1,700 page special American edition of Liddell & Scott lists both

πρωτοκτιστης protoktistes 'first founder or creator ... and

πρωτοκτιστος protoktistos 'founded or created first'

as occurring in Hellenistic Greek literature, other than the bible.

(Note that the first 'o' is an omega ω, and the second is an omicron ο.)

Πρωτοτοκος prototokos (from the word τοκος tokos meaning 'usury') occurs nine times in the KJV Greek text. In saying 'the Greek text' I mean the belated Scrivener text of 1894, as the KJV translators did not actually produce a Greek text but used - largely - Erasmus and Beza and the Computensian Polyglot.

Tokos is used twice in scripture in parallel passages of the gospel accounts and relates to usury (interest on money loaned) each time. The word 'born' is not actually present in the word, as such.

Any interpretation of the word needs to convey the meaning of the root word tokos as well as the meaning of the prefix, protos, which indisputably means 'first'.

In a generational context, prototokos does not draw attention to the matter of a birth, as such. The word is much more forward looking than that. It is a matter of the 'return' on an 'investment', the initial birth (in the context of birth, which is not essential to the word) being the first 'token' of the success of the entire 'project'.

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    Thayer's has birth for a first definition of Tokos and usury as a second definition in the sense of 'money generating more money'. So, not only is born in the meaning of prototokos but also the notion of like generating like. Prototokos therefore harmonizes well with monogenes as only-begotten. Aug 23, 2020 at 18:24
  • @MikeBorden The fact that tokos is used twice (only) in scripture and both times it is used in a context of usury should draw our attention to that meaning. To ignore the scriptural usage in favour of lexicons, is not my own practice.
    – Nigel J
    Aug 23, 2020 at 18:26
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    I don't disagree but the undertone of interest being 'money birthing more money' is still there. It is interesting at least. Aug 23, 2020 at 18:30

Πρώτοκτιστός is not found in the Bible. However to assume that it would have been used at Col 1:15 if the Son had been created is an argument from silence.

If there were examples in Paul, the NT, or the LXX, then they could be examined.

What is more pertinent is the syntax and grammar of the phrase in Col 1:15 compared to its use elsewhere.

Πρωτότοκος when the head noun of a genitive phrase is always a part of a group defined by the genitive phrase.

For example Exodus 34:20, firstborn of your sons, πρωτότοκον τῶν υἱῶν, in the LXX.


Using the Blue Letter Bible to search for that term we can see it yields no results. The closest word I could find results was prōtotokos / πρωτοτοκοσ, found 40 times in LXX, 3 times in MGNT and 3 times in TR.

Search for a term in the bible

In Col. 1:15, as seen in MGNT, that's the term used for "the firstborn"

Term from a specific verse

which can be read in more detail in Strong's G4416 - prōtotokos.

Strong's info addresses what you're looking for. It states

πρωτότοκος prōtótokos, pro-tot-ok'-os; from G4413 and the alternate of G5088; first-born (usually as noun, literally or figuratively):—firstbegotten(-born).


Well, I think people confuse things by asking the wrong question. A sort of phony strawman is setup. Not saying it was done intentionally her. In this question, someone is asking if Protoktisis was in use at the time the New Testament was written. It appears its first use might have been 200 years later. Although we can surmise that if it was used then, the readers must have been familiar with it, so it was probably in use before then. But, I take a different approach. Protoktisis is a compound word. Compound words are derived from existing words. In this case it is protos (first) and ktizo (create). These words had been around for hundreds of years prior to when the NT was written and are used often in the new testament. If Paul wanted to say Jesus was first created, he could have done so by using the existing words of protos and ktizo. But he didn't. Paul used firstborn and not first created. He had to in order to be consistent with the rest of the Bible which teaches Jesus is eternal. God is very consistent with his words, as he is "the truth". In Revelation 1:17 Jesus says "I am the first (protos) and the last". He cannot say he is first if he were created by God. He would be "second". Col 1:16 says he is "the beginning". The same greek words are used in Rev 22:12 where Jesus says "And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. 13I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last". Jesus is the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. He was here from the beginning. See also where "first and last is used" in the Bible. Jesus claims this title of YHWH found in Isaiah 41:4, 44:6, 48:12. See Rev 1:17, 2:8, 22:13. He is not created. Thank you.

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    – agarza
    Jan 23 at 4:36
  • Up-voted +1 but I strongly suggest that you edit and split into logical paragraphs. You have managed to produce the 'dreaded wall of text' which few people will trouble to examine. Presenting distinct, logical steps in an argument, separated into digestible paragraphs is essential for screen presentation. I appreciate your statement about being the 'first' which could not be true if created, when it should be 'second'. Good point. Have a look at the Tour and the Help (below) and I look forward to voting you up again.
    – Nigel J
    Jan 23 at 22:50

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