From whichever theologies hold Peter to have been the first and highest authority in the visible Church I would like two questions answered, please. Please indicate which tradition you are speaking from.

1) Paul appears (under inspiration of the Spirit) indifferent to whatever reputation may have been ascribed to James, Peter, and John. Galatians 2:6 - "And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me."

If Paul recognized Peter as the highest authority why say 'seemed to be influential' and 'makes no difference to me'?

2) In Acts 15 Paul goes to the Jerusalem council and, although Peter speaks, James has the last word and announces his judgement: "Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the Gentiles who turn to God" - Acts 15:19

If Peter was leader in this Church council, why did James take what appears to be the role of leader in speaking last and in elucidating his judgement?

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    Food for thought. The word pope has undergone various usages historically. The most noteworthy of the titles are Papa, Summus Pontifex, Pontifex Maximus, Etc.. The title pope was, as has been stated, at one time employed with far more latitude. In the East it has always been used to designate simple priests. In the Western Church, however, it seems from the beginning to have been restricted to bishops (Tertullian, On Modesty 13). It was apparently in the fourth century that it began to become a distinctive title of the Roman Pontiff. – Ken Graham Jan 10 at 1:44
  • You may wish to ask if St. Paul considered Peter as the one who was head of the Church, on earth? – Ken Graham Jan 10 at 1:47
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    ”Please indicate which tradition you are speaking from.” This is an opinion that varies by denomination and is too broad. This is not a forum. – Ken Graham Jan 10 at 1:54
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    It would be better to explicitly direct this just to the Catholic Church. – curiousdannii Jan 10 at 4:21
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    Your question contains an anachronism: the term Pope/Papa did not come into common usage for the leader of The Church until a few centuries later. Your question seems to be actually a question about whether or not Peter, or James, was the head of the church. I will suggest that you edit your question and ask just one question. Your further comment about differences between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodoxy is also a Separate Question. Please respect the stack format: one answerable question per question. (And it is fine, even encouraged, to ask multiple questions) – KorvinStarmast Jan 10 at 15:16