In Christianity you have the idea of the "Old Testament". In Judaism, this is broken down into smaller (and larger) chunks. You can find it in the Torah, the first 5 books of the Old Testament. You can find it in the Tanach, the source of the Old Testament in Christianity. This is divided into the Torah, the Nevi'im, and the Ketuvim. Then there are the Five scrolls (Hamesh Megillot). I'm not sure how the Dead Sea Scrolls fit into all this....
But I'm wondering if there are any formal/standard ways of subdividing the New Testament in a similar way. Perhaps there are the Gospels (the 4 first books). Does that count as a standard subset? Then what else for the remainder of the New Testament?
Wikipedia divides it up like this:
- The Gospels
- Apostolic History
- Catholic Epistles
- Pauline Epistles
But that sounds more like categorization than a collection of books like how the Tanach does it. I am trying to imagine, "if I saw a book named 'X', would I know it was part of the New Testament?". So if I saw a book named "The Gospels", I would actually think this is the 4 gospels starting the New Testament. Maybe that's just me? Then if I saw "The Catholic Epistles", I wouldn't think that is a subset of the NT, but maybe it would suffice? Is there a better way?