The Hebrew Bible (as a whole) had only been translated into one language, Greek (Koine), by 30CE. This translation is known as the Greek Septuagint (Greek: "seventy"), or "LXX", the Roman numeral for "70". Hypothetically, if it had been translated into more languages than Greek, such as Aramaic, then we don't have any mention of this from ancient sources, so it would have been something not discussed in the ancient writings that we currently have access to.
The Priests in Jesus's day were an official "Class" that not just anyone could join. And it was monitored by the Roman authorities. They would have known Greek, to varying degrees. But they would speak Aramaic as their native tongue. "Greek" had been the international Language of the Hellenized World used by the educated within the Roman Empire to communicate from one native speaking land to different native speaking lands. This had been the case since Alexander the Great mixed Greek speaking people with Native speaking people throughout the regions his armies went, from Jerusalem, to Egypt, through Persia and India, all the way to the Indian Ocean.
His armies married into local native speaking peoples. This is known as Hellenization. "Hellen" is the Greek word for the peoples from the Grecian Peninsula and its islands. "Greek" is actually Latin word for those same peoples.
If you read Josephus (Pharisee-turned-Roman-Historian)[37-100CE], he recounts Alexander's approach to Jerusalem, in Greek. The city opens its gates to him, with their Priests meeting him in highly decorated dress, him being prophesied in the Book of Daniel, and he and the High Priest going into the Holy Temple together. After coming out, Alexander was celebrated as their "Great King", replacing their prior Great King Darius III. After that, many Jews departed with Alexander as he went into Egypt. The people of Egypt viewed Alexander as a liberator, and they proclaimed him Pharaoh without a fight. Alexander died in 332AD, leaving his general Ptolemy as Pharaoh of Egypt. He famously created the Great Library of Alexandria (named after Alexander). Ptolemy's son, Ptolemy Philidelphius, famously acquired 70 Jewish Scholars to translate the sacred Hebrew Scriptures, each of them translating it the same, signifying that it was a Holy Work. Its imagined, and argued by academic scholars, that the Hebrew Scriptures would have had various accounts and versions with many conflicting sources.
Compare this to Greek lore which developed without being codified or standardized, of the same era, which has many conflicting accounts and variations of each "theos" (Greek for an immortal, but not necessarily all-powerful). According to written lore, the 70 Scholars all translated the scriptures separately, and each came up with the same translation. This is imagined to be a standardization process, to remove conflicting versions, and to codify it with the acceptance of representatives from Jewish authorities across the Hellenized region, negotiating their theology and history, and to establish an official Canon of Books. For example, this may have been when the Book of Enoch was deemed, "non-holy" and therefore not included in today's Bible.
Since the Septuagint's canon had been established and codified, and an official International Version written up, the pain-staking process of making hand written copies would have then begun, and those copies would have been shipped out sacred, and Beyond Dispute, and Holy. It's imagined that the Roman Empire in 30CE, and their puppet Jewish Leaders and Priests, would have stuck to these official versions so that various conflicting cults and sects and theologies would not emerge. This also greatly strengthened the Jewish faith.
There may have also still been Hebrew versions around, and some of the books written during Jerusalem's Persian era may have Aramaic roots, but those versions, it's imagined, would have been kept more secretively, and specifically to avoid Roman eyes. Nevertheless, scholars have shown that the Apostle Paul, a Roman Citizen, quoted from the Greek Septuagint. His quotations differ where there are differences between the Greek Septuagint and the Hebrew and Aramaic "Masoretic Text" which are of a later date, hundreds of years later, and may have been translated from the Greek Septuagint to suit Jewish desires to be theologically different from the now distinct Christian Religion.
Those later Masoretic Texts were compiled and copied by Masoretic Jews after the Roman Empire had became officially a Christian Empire, with two divisions, East and West, and after the total collapse of paganism (or almost total). By that time, the ethnic Jews, however, prided their Jewish heritage, and wanted a Hebrew Version of their Holy Scripture to stand alone from the Mandated Christian Religion, and without depending on a language other than the Chosen People's language (Sacred Hebrew). And also, by this time, in the 4th century CE, the Septuagint had evolved to include many versions, with many Canons, that now incorporated books including those of the Apostle Paul's letters, and the Gospels of Christ, and other books by Greek Jews before the era of Christ. And so it was these books that the Jews saw increasingly more and more tainted as the years went by. The Masoretic Jews wanted those books "weeded out". And so the other Greek books were removed, those without Hebrew origin, particularly after the Hellenization Period (the time of Alexander the Great). They kept only the books they deemed originals to their faith and Hebrew heritage.
Additionally, by the 4th century CE, the Greek Language was being pushed out of existence in the Western Half of the Roman Empire, and certainly by the time the Masoretic Jews compiled their versions of Scripture, the earliest extant versions being about 1000CE, but perhaps extinct versions having been around by the 6th century CE.
Greek was viewed as a pagan language, with writings of pagan lore. Pride in Hebrew lore and history supplanted Greek lore and history, which were illegal to be taught or worshiped. This is the beginning of the Medieval Period where works from Homer were lost, and the works of the great philosophers were lost, those of Plato and Aristotle for instance.
The Latin Vulgate would eventually become the Western Roman Empire's primary source. "vulgar" = native or "common": i.e. Vulgar Latin = Native Latin, but Classical Latin = "Legal" Latin used in Roman Law and Archives [the Vulgate being written in Native Latin for Common Folk to abide by]. After this period, during the Renaissance, Greek was rediscovered with the help of the language having been preserved in the Eastern Half of the Roman Empire. New Protestants would emerge, and they would evolve use the Masoretic Texts to define their Old Testament, while picking up with the Gospel of Jesus, and Paul's letters, while dropping everything in-between Christ's time and the fall of the Persian Empire to Alexander the Great.
Constantinople would remain Greek speaking, for instance, a thousand years after the western region abandoned it, and condemned it, along with the "Gnostics" who were knowledge of Greek lore, and worshiped many theos (immortals), including Christo (Jesus).