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Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is trinitarian having the persons of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?

From "Two Powers in Heaven" by Alan Segal".

Though it was difficult to date the rabbinic traditions accurately in many cases, the results showed that the earliest heretics believed in two complementary powers in heaven while only later could heretics be shown to believe in two opposing powers in heaven. The extra-rabbinic evidence allowed the conclusion that the traditions were earlier than the first century. Furthermore, in comparing the literature, it was possible to define a number of dangerous scriptural interpretations central to the heresy and show how the rabbis countered them by bringing in other scriptures which unambiguously stated God’s unity. From this evidence it became clear that the basic heresy involved interpreting scripture to say that a principal angelic or hypostatic manifestation in heaven was equivalent to God.

"Two Powers In Heaven Early Rab Segal"

Hopefully this will remove the downvotes.

Edit This might also help.

Then the Lord rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven, - Genesis 19:24

I'm told the clear reading is that there are two YHWH's but I only know a little Greek and no Hebrew.

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  • What makes you think this might have been the case? Have you read or heard someone who claimed this? – curiousdannii Feb 12 at 11:41
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    Okay, thanks for the quote. That sounds to me more like dualism, than Binitarianism. – curiousdannii Feb 12 at 12:11
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    Dualism it is not because they share the same nature, they both have thrones, receive worship, make the ground Holy on where they “stand”, know the thoughts of men. I intend to respond with OT passages when time permits. – Autodidact Feb 12 at 14:38
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    Sorry I couldn’t respond yet but here is a verse that should be read in Hebrew. >>>“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son's name? Surely you know!” ‭‭Proverbs‬ ‭30:4‬ ‭ESV‬‬ – Autodidact Feb 13 at 3:05
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    "From this evidence it became clear that the basic heresy involved interpreting scripture to say that a principal angelic or hypostatic manifestation in heaven was equivalent to God." This sounds like the heresy could be EITHER dualism OR a bizarre kind of binitarianism (bizarre along the lines of "schizophrenic"). – rje Feb 13 at 16:06

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