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It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur is taken to mean that He actively wills said thing. It also seems to me that it mostly goes beyond Saint Augustine's own teachings on predestination and free will.

However, Oxford theologian J.N.D. Kelly writes the following on Augustine in Early Christian Doctrines XIII.7:

God's choice of those to whom grace is to be given in no way depends on His foreknowledge of their future merits, for whatever good deeds they will do will themselves be the fruit of grace. In so far as His foreknowledge is involved, what He foreknows is what He Himself is going to do. [emphasis mine]

At the end of the second sentence, a footnote references Augustine's De dono perseverantiae 35, 47, and 48; De praedestinatione sanctorum 19; and Epistula 149 to Paulinus, 20.

I am having a hard time seeing how these writings could not lend support to Calvinism's equating of God's foreknowledge with active predestination. Is it possible to reconcile them with the Catholicism that claims Augustine as one of its greatest saints?

  • This is a remark/comment: Augustine had an opportunity to thwart Calvinism from ever developing by arguing from Scripture but instead of looking to Scripture he reverted to Manichaean Gnosticism which paved the way for the extrabiblical philosophical construct and heresy we know today as Calvinism. – Autodidact Jan 26 at 6:24
  • "Is it possible to reconcile them with the Catholicism that claims Augustine as one of its greatest saints?" It should be noted that Augustine wouldn't be a Calvinist by any stretch of the imagination simply by holding to some Calvin-esque or even Calvin's view of predestination. Augustine still believed all the Catholic things which Calvin ended up rejecting as the 'traditions of men' such as the sacraments, baptismal regeneration, purgatory, the sinlessness of Mary, etc. At worst, Augustine would be Catholic and 'got something wrong.' But a Calvinist? That's one big, big 1100 year stretch. – Sola Gratia Jan 26 at 8:52
  • You mean did Calvin follow Augustine? – Gordon Jan 28 at 17:36

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