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The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word of God who was with God in the beginning and who is God (John 1:1). He came down from heaven and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, and dwelt among us (John 1:14). He is both fully human and fully divine. He was bodily resurrected from the dead and has ascended into heaven, from whence he came, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father. As he ascended into heaven, so shall he return, in great power and glory, and accompanied by all the heavenly hosts, to judge and to rule.

Please note that Protestant Trinitarians believe there is only the One Being of God and that Jesus, the Son, is not the same person as God the Father.

This is NOT about trying to establish who might be theologically right and who is wrong, nor is it a question seeking to establish any particular version of “truth”. I’m on a fact-finding mission, and not trying to start a theological war. Please give a biblical basis in support of beliefs held.

My question is how does the Jehovah’s Witness view of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, differ from the view held by Protestant Trinitarians of the person of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Edit for clarification: I'm looking for JW beliefs about the person of Jesus Christ. I have given a simple overview of the Protestant view of Jesus Christ, the Son of God and want to know if JW’s would disagree, and, if so, what it is they believe about the person of Jesus Christ. Was he created? Is he part of the One Being of God? When he came to earth was he God incarnate? Was he resurrected as a spirit creature or did he ascend into heaven with a physical body? I don't want to get bogged down in theological terminology, just an overview of JW beliefs about the origins of Jesus, who he is and what their biblical basis is.

  • Could you elaborate on the difference between begotten and created? – Kris Dec 14 '18 at 3:11
  • The expression “only begotten Son” (John 3:16) is translated from the Greek word ‘monogenes’. It can be translated as "only," "one and only," and "only begotten." In John 3:16 it means "pertaining to being the only one of its kind or class, unique in kind." Jesus is uniquely God's Son—sharing the same divine nature as God—as opposed to believers who are God's sons and daughters by adoption (Ephesians 1:5). Jesus is God’s “one and only” Son. Trinitarians do not take it to mean the pre-mortal Jesus was created, that there was a point in time when he did not exist. – Lesley Dec 14 '18 at 8:44
  • @ethos I deleted a few comments (they're supposed to be rather transient, not permanent) as comments here are just for improving the question. – Peter Turner Dec 17 '18 at 15:37
  • @Lesley Perhaps a better question might of been, 'How does the Jehovah’s Witness teaching on who Jesus Christ is differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology? That is a much wider question from my point of view and from me requires a more bible text based answer? Christology deals more with origins than texts from the Bible from my point of view. Why is this it is because we do not except the so-called 'orthodox' teaching on the rendering of the hebrew or greek texts put forward as right by Christendom's Churches, so we go into a whole new ball game as they can be shown to be in error. – ethos Dec 17 '18 at 15:42
  • @ethos - if you believe your question would show "Christendom's Churches" to be in error, then you should ask it. But be very careful how you word such a question so as to avoid showing bias. – Lesley Dec 23 '18 at 10:19
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The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made.

JWs believe that there is no distinction between "begotten" and "made". Therefore, "begotten, not made" is meaningless for them.

He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made.

The word "of one substance" (homoousios) is not found in the Bible and therefore not accepted by JWs. JWs believe that Jesus is "in the form of God" (Phil. 2:6) since he is a spirit being like the Father (John 4:24).

He is the Word of God who was with God in the beginning and who is God (John 1:1).

As you know, JWs believe the the meaning of this verse is more accurately conveyed by the translation "the Word was a god", or "the Word was divine". (compare with John 1:18 - "no one has seen God at any time")

He came down from heaven and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, and dwelt among us (John 1:14). He is both fully human and fully divine.

JWs believe that Jesus was fully human ("born of a woman", Gal. 4:4) when he was on earth, not "fully divine". There is no scripture that says "fully human and fully divine"; to the contrary, Phil. 2:7 says "he emptied himself, by taking the form of a slave, being born in the likeness of men." ("became human", NWT 2013). He became "like his brothers in all respects, so that he could become a merciful and faithful high priest in things relating to God." (Heb. 2:17)

He was bodily resurrected from the dead

JWs believe he was resurrected with a heavenly spirit body, not his human flesh. "Flesh and blood cannot inherit God's Kingdom" (1 Cor. 15:50) Paul addresses the question of "with what sort of body" are the dead raised up at 1 Cor. 15:35-41.

Note that at John 20:26, "Jesus came, although the doors were locked", which would be impossible for a physical human body.

and has ascended into heaven, from whence he came, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father. As he ascended into heaven, so shall he return, in great power and glory, and accompanied by all the heavenly hosts, to judge and to rule.

JWs agree with this.

JW answers to further questions:

  • Was he created? Yes.

  • Is he part of the One Being of God? No. (I do not believe that "part of" is even the traditional Trinitarian expression.)

  • When he came to earth was he God incarnate? No, for reasons given above.

  • Was he resurrected as a spirit creature or did he ascend into heaven with a physical body? He was resurrected as a spirit creature. Note that Jesus appeared with several different bodies after his resurrection:

    • Mary did not recognize him, thinking he was the gardener, until he said her name with his familiar inflection (John 20:15-16)

    • Jesus spent a whole day with two of the apostles, but "their eyes were kept from recognizing him" until he broke the bread and blessed it. Obviously, this body had no recognizable wounds on it. Then "he disappeared from them", which would not be possible for a normal physical body. (Luke 24:15-31)

    • At John 20:27, Jesus appears in a locked room, and now he has wounds in his hands, feet and side, specifically for Thomas' benefit (see v. 25).

  • How might a JW respond to the suggestion that he did have marks on his body but “their eyes were kept from recognizing him"? – Andrew Dec 15 '18 at 7:28
  • A JW might respond that the text does not say that "he did have marks on his body" and that therefore it's safe to assume he didn't, since that would be a dead giveaway. He might also say that this comment is an example of adding words to the scriptural text to make it conform to a previously accepted belief, instead of the other way around. What about 1 Cor. 15:50? – Philip Metz Dec 15 '18 at 11:35
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    It may be good to clarify that JWs do believe Jesus is divine, but in the sense that he has God's blessing (a quality), not in the sense of deity (a personality). More information here: Insight, Vol 1. "Divine" – 4castle Dec 15 '18 at 14:01
  • This is a very good answer. I’d vote it up again if I could. – Kris Dec 15 '18 at 15:54
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Your questions:-

Was he created? YES.

Is he part of the One Being of God? NO.

When he came to earth was he God incarnate? NO.

Was he resurrected as a spirit creature YES.

or did he ascend into heaven with a physical body? NO.

Here is one main reason. Texts NWT unless otherwise noted!

ACCORDING TO GOD’S WORD THE HOLY BIBLE JESUS CHRIST IS A JEHOVAH’S WITNESS.

First God says of himself:-

Isaiah 42:8 ““I am Jehovah. That is my name; and to no one else shall I give my own glory, neither my praise to graven images.”

American Standard Version I am Jehovah, that is my name; and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise unto graven images.

Darby's English Translation I am Jehovah, that is my name; and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.

World English Bible I am Yahweh, that is my name; and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to engraved images.

Young's Literal Translation I am Jehovah, this is My name, And Mine honour to another I give not, Nor My praise to graven images.

We can now look at the following texts:-

Isaiah 43:10 [] Added "YOU [The Israelites nation] are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "even my servant [The Israelites nation collectively] whom I have chosen, in order that YOU may know and have faith in me, and that YOU may understand that I am the same One.

Isaiah 43:12 "I myself have told forth and have saved and have caused [it] to be heard, when there was among YOU no strange [god]. So YOU [The Israelites nation] are my witnesses," is the utterance of Jehovah, "and I am God..

Jesus Christ was a member of the the Israelite nation whom God called “my witnesses” and as we will see The Almighty God of the Israelites is called Jehovah, thus making the Israelites nation ‘Jehovah's Witness’ according to the above texts (and the following) from The Holy Bible. Of Jesus being a Jehovah’s Witness we can glen support form the Greek Texts (N.T.):-

Revelation 1:5 "Jesus Christ, “the Faithful Witness."

Revelation 3:14 “And to the angel of the congregation in Laodicea write: These are the things that the Amen says, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation by God,”

So Jesus was a witness to what? The following words of Jesus are a help to find out.

John 17:1 “Jesus spoke these things, and, raising his eyes to heaven, he said: “Father, the hour has come; glorify your son, that your son may glorify you,”

John 17:3 [] Added “This means everlasting life, their taking in knowledge of you, the only true God [Jehovah], and of the one whom you sent forth, Jesus Christ.

“The Father” is a God who has a name that will be made known:-

John 17:6““I have made your name manifest to the men you gave me out of the world. They were yours, and you gave them to me, and they have observed your word.

John 17:26 [] Added “And I have made your name [Jehovah] known to them and will make it known, in order that the love with which you loved me may be in them and I in union with them.”“

Is The “Father” name God? Well, what else did Jesus have to say on this matter, we can go to the first phrase from the ‘Lord’s Prayer’:-

Matthew 6:9 [] Added “‘Our Father in the heavens, let your name [Jehovah] be sanctified (“Hallowed” KJV).””

And here:-

Matthew 28:19 “Go therefore and make disciples of people of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the holy spirit.”

What is God The Father’s Personal Name?

Psalm 83:18 “That people may know that you, whose name is Jehovah, You alone are the Most High over all the earth.” See the K.J.V.

and

Exodus 3:15 ““This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel,* ‘Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to YOU.’ This is my name to time indefinite (“for ever” K.J.V.; “forever” N.I.V.), and this is the memorial of me to generation after generation. *Including Jesus as an Israelite and a descendant of Israel.

Thus Jesus manifested God’s personal name and brought the Greatest honor to it by Witnessing about it and the person who bears that Name, Almighty God Jehovah, His Creator/Father and God.

As Jesus made known God’s personal name –Jehovah- he did as his Father’s means of glorifying it, as an obedient son:-

John 12:28 “Father, glorify your name.” Therefore a voice came out of heaven: “I both glorified [it] and will glorify [it] again.””

See Matt. 6:

Notice Jesus said “YOUR NAME” which is Jehovah (Latinised form) or Yahweh (Hebraic form), they both obviously meant as recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures (O.T.), as the Christian Greek Scriptures (N.T.) had not at that time been penned”

This does not mean that he was talking about the Title “The LORD” which is not a name, but as recorded at:-

K.J.V. Psalm 83:18 “That people may know that you, whose name is JEHOVAH, You alone are the Most High over all the earth.”

So here we see calling The Father “Jehovah” has His personal blessing as it did with Jesus Christ.

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