The concept of the soul being escorted to God by angels and having to pass through an aerial realm which is inhabited by wicked spirits seems to be based on Ephesians 6:12:
For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world, and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms (NIV)
For we wrestle, not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. (KJV)
It is worth noting that the concept of souls having to "pay" for their sins by giving an account of compensatory good deeds, else be dragged off into Hades, has never been formally promulgated by any Eastern Orthodox ecumenical council. Indeed, some Orthodox theologians and bishops have condemned it as heretical and gnostic in origin.
In 2017, Saint Anthony's Monastery in Florence, Arizona, published a 1,112-page book called The Departure of the Soul According to the Teaching of the Orthodox Church... However, two dedicated chapters in the book The Departure of the Soul According to the Teaching of the Orthodox Church allegedly reveal for the first time over 100 falsifications, misrepresentations, and errors in Puhalo's and Azkoul's writings... Both writers' works are asserted to contain an inordinate number of gross misrepresentations and errors, all attempting to support their allegedly incorrect opinions about the Orthodox teaching on the toll-houses. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerial_toll_house#Controversy
While looking into this subject, I found a useful article that provides further resources: https://www.orthodoxroad.com/heaven-hell-and-toll-house-resource-page/
Ephesians 6:2 does not, in my opinion, provide a biblical basis for this concept. However, it was the only tenuous link I could find. My thanks to curiousdannii for providing the link to that Wiki article.