I will quote a few points that I found from Regeneration in the Old Testament.

  1. It can be clearly demonstrated that regeneration is an occurrence in both the Old and New testaments
  2. But the INDWELLING of the corporate body by the Spirit presupposes the resurrection

Also from another source with the same title Regeneration in the Old Testament

it is important to note that one could be born of the Spirit and yet not be indwelled by the Spirit

The question :
Is there a different result from the one who already born of the Holy Spirit BUT NOT indwelled by the Holy Spirit — versus — the one who already born of the Holy Spirit AND indwelled by the Holy Spirit ?

  • 1
    Further down from your quote the author you quote says 'Old Testament saints were probably not born of the Spirit as we are today' 'Probable' in spiritual matters just isn't good enough. Nor does the author support any of his suppositions with solid scriptural exegesis. Thus, it all becomes mere opinion. – Nigel J Sep 5 '18 at 23:54
  • @NigelJ, I thought what the author means (in the second quote) is the same with number-2 in the first quote. Or do you mean that the first quote is also just an opinion ? So, both quotes actually are not reflecting a Calvinist teaching ? If yes, then I will reworded the question by asking if "born of Spirit that occur in OT times is not indwelled by the Holy Spirit" is just an opinion, then what is the Calvinist view about it (which is regarded that it's not an opinion) ? – karma Sep 6 '18 at 1:55
  • @NigelJ, you wrote "Nor does the author support any of his suppositions with solid scriptural exegesis". I'm sorry I don't know what you mean on "solid scriptural exegesis". But in both articles, the author did put some verses to support their opinion about born of Spirit in the OT. – karma Sep 6 '18 at 1:58

The Holy Spirit surely indwelt believers before the resurrection.

So David said: "Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me." (Psalm 51:11) (See also 2 Peter 1:21.)

"Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his." (Romans 8:9)

From these I understand that the Holy Spirit was poured out after the resurrection in a measure not known before, but there is no difference otherwise between pre-resurrection and post-resurrection.

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