Genesis 2:15(NIV)

The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.

I'm curious to know, now, in which which country is the Garden of Eden located? (which is mentioned in Genesis)

  • 3
    The world was destroyed with flood, thus the renaming of the Rivers were just for historic proofs of the reality of the garden on earth. Who named the rivers those names? Was it God or man? What do those names of the rivers mean in the languages of those who claim the presence of Eden in their countries? That's how to get closer to the answer
    – user1911
    Jul 29 '12 at 9:43

Per Genesis 2:

10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin[d] and onyx are also there.) 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.[e] 14 The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

While Mesopatamia (i.e. Iraq) is where the Tigris & Euphrates are, the remaining two rivers (Gihon is in Israel, and the Pishon is, I believe unknown, though some scholars think it is the Nile) are not.

There are thus two possibilities:

  1. The Flood altered where these rivers flowed
  2. The location is not meant to be literal

In any event, the Flood probably did wipe out the Garden of Eden, and even if it didn't, there was an angel (in Genesis 3:24) who is guarding the entrance.

Update: For an interesting excursion into the idea of "mapping" Eden, check out this article showing maps of Eden from 1914. They are highly speculative, but show the diversity of thought around where Eden might be.

  • So is the answer Iraq or Israel? Mar 15 '12 at 7:39
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    3. The new rivers were named for older rivers 4. This is made up
    – zipquincy
    Jul 29 '12 at 16:45

Assuming it was a literal garden in the physical world, and not a metaphor, it was most likely somewhere between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, close to the border between modern day Iraq and Iran, or maybe the Eastern region of modern Turkey.

Just Googling for Tigris, Euphrates and Eden will give you more sources you can probably read in a lifetime :)


John Sailhamer proposes a rather novel idea in his book Genesis Unbound:

The second chapter of Genesis provides a closer look at God's creation of the first human beings. We are told that God created them from the ground and put them in the garden of Eden to worship and obey God (not merely to work the garden and take care of it). The boundaries of that garden are the same as those of the promised land; thus the events of these chapters foreshadow the events of the remainder of the Pentateuch. God creates a people, He puts them into the land He has prepared for them, and He calls on them to worship and obey Him and receive His blessing.

I haven't read the book myself, but thinking about the Torah texts, it does solve a number of problems. But the theory is at least as controversial as every other theory I know of.

  • Is the implication here that the Garden of Eden would be roughly equivalent to modern Israel?
    – Caleb
    May 29 '12 at 16:06
  • @Caleb: That's correct, more or less. I believe the idea is that the entire story of Genesis is the story of how the Promised Land came to be. (But I have not read the book itself, so there may be more to it than that.) May 31 '12 at 19:32

Many years ago (1988) I took an excursion in Turkey which I blew off at the time as ridicolous. I'm a veteran and was stationed in Sinop on the black sea. We took a very interesting bus ride to what the Hittites considered to be the remnants of the garden of Eden. I admit it sounded cheesy at the time but on that bus we experienced things and saw things that even 25 years later I cannot explain. It was beautiful and it was said to be unkept. On the way to the garden was carnage and death where people started getting irritable and shouting including myself. I said theatrics or perhaps gases from a tar pit can explain that? Then as we entered through a stone gate the climate and mood instantly changed. Lush fruit trees and picturesque waterfalls and streams.I tell my story but ironically I cannot find any evidence of where the actual location was then or now. It was in Turkey and within a 2.5 hr bus ride of Sinop for certain. After growing and understanding the bible and it's teachings 25 years later has given me renewed interest in my personal journey and why I was given the visions I've seen throughout my life so Happy hunting!!!! Some things are supernatural and I've accepted it.


Most sources conclude that finding Eden would be just about impossible. That's aside from the fact that god placed an angel to guard it. That tells me god doesn't want us in there and that's assuming anything survived the flood Source.

Here is another source with information on Eden and some clues to location Insight. scroll down it's the last article.

Many believe that south of Van lake in modern day Turkey may have been the location of Eden. Source


This is a question can't really be answered. All we can do is guess. John Calvin could not answers this and I know that I have no clue. When you factor in how the earth changed from Pangea to what we have today and then the changes the Flood would have caused no one can say for certain. But here are some links that talk about the Garden of Eden, Creation, and A map of Pangea. And two links for any who would like to venture into the Tanakh online. chabad.org is the better of the two if you just want to read the books of the Tanakh. Torah - The Pentateuch is part of the Tanakh (Jewish Bible).

Where was the Garden of Eden Located?

New Research Proves Single Origin Of Humans In Africa

Out of Africa or Out of Eden: Does Science Contradict the Bible?

Plate Tectonics - Pangaea Continent Maps

Mechon Mamre

The Complete Tanach with Rashi's Commentary


Well I know that the Gihon River is all gone but a little portion of it left is located in Ethiopia, Africa and the Gihon River used to flow down the middle of the Red Sea gowing through the Sinai Peninsula to the Mediterranean Sea and down through Ethiopia, Africa. The Pison River actually ran kind of east to west across Saudia Arabia from the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf. The Pison runs smack down the middle of modern day Kuwait. and both the Hiddekel and the Euphrates both run through modern day Iraq but the Euphrates also goes through Syria but the Hiddekel goes through modern day Turkey. So the Garden of Eden is not in Iraq like they think it is. There is two possible places where the former location of Eden would be located either at the bottom of the Persian Gulf or the Mediterranean Sea. And that is where I think it is located.

  • 1
    Welcome to the site! Can you improve this answer by providing supporting evidence and references? meta.christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/692/… Jan 5 '13 at 23:57
  • 1
    Also, please take the time to capitalize according to standard English usage and maybe break up your post into paragraphs as appropriate. It is very difficult to read in this format.
    – Caleb
    Jan 7 '13 at 9:47

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