0

Genesis 2:18 New International Version (NIV)

"The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”(Genesis2:18)

and

John 14:26 New King James Version (NKJV)

"But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.

Footnotes: John 14:26 Comforter, Gr. Parakletos

In this particular passages both God the Father and Jesus the Second Person of the Most Holy Trinity both mentioned the word "helper".

In Catholicism based on Church Father's Teaching and in the Catholic Article of Faith the New Adam & New Eve is Jesus and the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Would it follows that the role that the First Adam & First Eve in the context of the foreshadowing events in the Old Testament and New Testament, Jesus and Mary would fulfill the new role of Adam & Eve as the Church Fathers teaches.

My question is based on the passages on Genesis2:18 the role of "helper" is given to Eve to help the First Adam,and in John14:26 the "Helper" to help Jesus the New Adam, would be given to Blessed Virgin Mary the New Eve.

In this context, my question is according to Catholicism, Church Father, Saints and biblical interpretation(hebrew parallelism),;

Is the Blessed Virgin Mary being acknowledge by the Church Fathers and Catholic Church as the New Eve would take the role of the "Helper" in John14:26?

  • Does Catholicism really teach that the wife of the New Adam is the mother of the New Adam? That's all kinds of messed up. – curiousdannii Jul 29 '18 at 11:43
  • A similar question has been asked about the link between Eve and the Holy Spirit, and at least one church father makes that connection: Do any of the Church Fathers draw a connection between Eve and the Holy Spirit? But most focus on the connection between Eve and the church. – Nathaniel Jul 29 '18 at 12:14
  • @Nathaniel That link focus on Eve & the Holy Spirit, while the essence of my question is the hebrew parallelism of the word "helper", basing the premise that Jesus & Mary was acknowledged by the Church Father as the New Adam & Eve. So, Jesus taking the role of Adam, and Mary taking the role of Eve but in the fulfillment of doing what Jesus said a "New Creation".I don't if your edit will drive the essence of the question by replacing the phrase "hebrew parallelism" into another words.Thanks anyway. – marian agustin Jul 29 '18 at 13:26
  • @curiousdannii No, it doesn't; but I don't think you understand typology. Mary is the mother of Christ and the bride of Christ according to everyone who knows their Bible. Just not in the same senses. And even in another sense, the spouse, as it were, in the orthodox sense, of the Holy Ghost. – Sola Gratia Jul 29 '18 at 14:34
  • 1
    @Sola the Bible teaches the church is the bride of Christ, and Mary is certainly a member of the church, though I don't think the Bible every suggests that we're individually the bride of Christ. So I don't see a typological parallel with Eve making much sense. – curiousdannii Jul 29 '18 at 14:44
1

First who are the two famous Church Fathers who teaches that Jesus & Mary was the New Adam & New Eve.

The two famous Church Father are:

  1. St.Justin Martyr, who wrote within a couple of generations of the apostles. In his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew (ca. A.D. 150),

  2. St.Irenaeus, the bishop of Lyons in the second century. In Against Heresies, Irenaeus expounds the doctrine of recapitulation.

The phrase "New Eve"* or similar expressions occur in the early Church Fathers. Take, for example, Justin Martyr, who wrote within a couple of generations of the apostles. In his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew (ca. A.D. 150), Justin explains that Christ destroyed Satan’s work in the same way evil originally entered the world. Evil entered through Eve while she was still a virgin; so too salvation entered through Mary while she was still a virgin. Each woman willingly participated in the act they performed. Neither was an unconscious instrument. Eve listened to the serpent and conceived death. Mary listened to the angel Gabriel and conceived life. Justin sees this clearly in Luke 1:38 when Mary says, "Let it be to me according to your word." Thus, for Justin, Christ’s becoming a man involved his Mother’s willing cooperation in undoing the tangled web of sin that Eve introduced.

One of the greatest defenders of Christian orthodoxy, Irenaeus, the bishop of Lyons in the second century. In Against Heresies, Irenaeus expounds the doctrine of recapitulation. He teaches that Christ embodied Adam and all his posterity in order to redeem mankind from sin. Basing his teaching on Paul’s inspired doctrine of Christ as the Last Adam (cf. 1 Cor. 15:45), Irenaeus viewed Jesus as reversing the effects of Adam’s sin by bringing the life and righteousness that Adam lost (cf. Rom. 5:17, 18). Irenaeus saw the obvious implication. As Eve cooperated with Adam, the covenant head of humanity, so Mary cooperated with Jesus Christ, the covenant head of the new humanity. Thus Irenaeus says that Eve "by disobeying became the cause of death for herself and the whole human race, so also Mary . . . was obedient and became the cause of salvation for herself and the whole human race" (Against Heresies 3.22.4). Later he says of these two virgins, "Just as the human race was subject to death by a virgin, it was freed by a virgin, with the virginal disobedience balanced by virginal obedience" (ibid., 5.19.1).*

https://www.catholic.com/magazine/print-edition/how-can-you-say-that-mary-is-the-new-eve

The Catholic Chruch officially declares Mary as the New Eve in CCC975

975 "We believe that the Holy Mother of God, the new Eve, Mother of the Church, continues in heaven to exercise her maternal role on behalf of the members of Christ" (Paul VI, CPG § 15).

Now let's examine the role God gave to Eve in the Garden of Eden before the Fall the word "suitable helper or ezer in Hebrew".

In Hebrew, the word for “helper” used in Genesis 2:18 and 20 is ezer (pronounced “ay-zer”), and it is always and only used in the Old Testament in the context of vitally important and powerful acts of rescue and support.[2] The word ezer is used twenty-one times in the Old Testament.

Twice it is used in the context of the first woman.

Three times it is used of people helping (or failing to help) in life-threatening situations.

Sixteen times it is used in reference to God as a helper.

Without exception, these biblical texts are talking about a vital, powerful kind of help.

In Exodus 18:4 it says that Moses named one of his sons Eliezer, which in Hebrew means “My God is my helper” (Eli = “my God”; ezer= “helper”). This verse goes on to explain why Moses named his son Eliezer: because God had powerfully delivered Moses from Pharaoh’s sword!

The word ezer in Hebrew.

The letters, reading from right to left, are ayin, zayin, and resh. Ezer is pronounced “ay-zer”.

Ezer describes aspects of God’s character: he is our strength, our rescuer, our protector, and our help!

And ezer was the Holy Spirit’s choice of word to describe the first woman.

Eve was someone who would provide valuable and vital strength to Adam.[6]

The word ezer is qualified by the word kenegdo in both Genesis 2:18 and 20. Kenegdo, often translated as “suitable for him”, gives the meaning that Eve was designed to be a corresponding and equal partner for Adam. There is no sense of subordination stated or implied, or even hinted at, in this passage in Genesis 2.[7]

Ezer kenegdo—”a helper suitable for him”—is used in reference to the first woman without any narrow qualifications, prescribed limits, or carefully crafted cultural restrictions. In other words, it is not specified anywhere in Genesis 2 how the first woman was to express and apply her help towards her husband but, presumably, it was to alleviate the man’s “alone-ness” and partner with him in their joint commission, given in Genesis 1:28.

file:///C:/Users/Acer/Downloads/A%20Suitable%20Helper%20(in%20Hebrew)%20_%20Marg%20Mowczko.html

Now let us look in the scriptures passages on aspects of God’s character: he is our strength, our rescuer, our protector, and our help!

I lift up my eyes to the hills – where does my help come from? My help comes from the LORD, the Maker of heaven and earth. (Psalm 121:1-2)

Eve role as suitable helper looking at the verses attribute to God are: (defender,helper,shield,support,deliverer,warrior, etc.)

  1. . With his own hands he defends his cause. (Deuteronomy 33:7)

  2. help against his foes.” (Deuteronomy 33:7)

  3. He is your shield and helper and your glorious sword. (Deuteronomy 33:29a)

  4. He send help from the sanctuary and grant you support from Zion (. Psalm 20:2)

  5. He is our help and shield. (Psalm 33:20)

  6. You are my help and my deliverer… (Psalm 70:5)

  7. “I have bestowed strength (ezer) on a warrior; (Psalm 89:17)

Now what can we see the from the scripture passages Eve Role was not a domestic role, Eve was to fight the serpent as She will be the subject of attacks of satan in the Garden of Eden not Adam.

After the Fall of Adam & Eve, which we know that Eve was the first cause, Eve was "beguiled" by the serpent.

Now with the scriptural passages defining the role of Eve as combatant warrior before the fall we can now understand why God the Father said the words on Genesis3:15. "I will put enmity". God is the one who declares war 'Woman/Mary vs.serpent/satan.

Douay-Rheims Bible

"I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel." (Genesis3:15)

The Catholic Church teaches that Mary is the Woman in Genesis3:15, so we can see that Mary's role like the New Eve according to Church Fathers is a combatant one.

As St. Jerome Latin Vulgate translation is "She" because God given role to Eve in the Garden of Eden was to fight the serpent.

Now,If Christ is the New Adam and Mary was the New Eve.

Is Jesus praying for the New Eve as the "another helper/advocate" in John14:16 & John14:26 pointed to Mary?

The Three Great Marian Saints testifies and had written books to support the Role of Mary as Advocate,Helper,Comforter etc.

With the Teaching of this Three Great Marian Saints all point to Mary as the Advocate and the Fifth Dogma.

1. St. Alphonsus Liguori 2. St.Louis De Montfort 3. St.Maximillian Kolbe

With the above references, scripture passages and Church Teaching let us ponder this passages from Hosea.

"You are destroyed, O Israel, because you are against Me, against your helper." (Hosea 13:9)

From the Church Fathers teaching that Mary was the New and from Catechism of the Catholic Church teaching Mary as the Woman in Genesis3:15 (ProtoEvangelium), and God attributes of "a suitable helper" as a warrior to fight Satan/serpent in the Garden of Eden.

We can say that Mary as the New Eve will take over the Role Eve left behind as the "suitable helper or ezer".

In closing the the word "HELPER" pointing to Mary can be traced it's origin from the Patristic Father.

Patristic origins

There are two inscriptions of the first centuries of Christianity in Greek related to the Virgin Mary: : θεοτοκος (Teotokos, Theotokos, Mother of God) and βοηθεια (Boetheia, the Helper). The Fathers of the Church referred to Mary as "βοηθεια". John Chrysostom used the title in a homily of 345, Proclus in 476 and Sebas of Caesarea in 532. After the Patristic period (5th century), other persons used it like Romanos the Melodist in 518, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Sophronius in 560, John of Damascus in 749 and German of Constantinople in 733.

In the view of Fr. Johann G. Roten, SM, the invocation of Mary as Help of Christians is part of the oldest prayer addressed directly to Mary, the Sub tuum praesidium, which was found on a papyrus dating, at the latest, from the end of the 3rd century. Praesidium is translated as "an assistance given in time of war by fresh troops in a strong manner."1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Help_of_Christians

Truly, Mary is the "HELP" of all Christians.

enter image description here

Godbless

  • AH. III.3.12.4 " for it was necessary that they should first come to adult age, and then multiply from that time onward), having become disobedient, was made the cause of death, both to herself and to the entire human race; so also did Mary, having a man betrothed [to her], and being nevertheless a virgin, by yielding obedience, become the cause of salvation, both to herself and the whole human race." I doubt Irenaeus actually taught that Mary caused her own salvation (saved herself), but rather, this is probably a later interpolation. – SLM Jul 30 '18 at 15:22
  • The Patristic Fathers are close to the year were Apostles lived they most probably asked the Apostles the role of Mary in Man's Salvation. St.Peter,St.James.St.Luke & St.John would have a been a great source of information. But the mystery of silence sorrounding Mary's Assumption considering it's great significance and Mary as Advocate,Helper,Mediatrix & Co-Redemptrix this title so significant yet God's Mystery allows it to be silent. Ven.Mary of Agreda revelation help us, the Theotokos Wisdom is so great She only allows the Gospel writers to focus on Jesus Life. A profound mystery.Godbless – jong ricafort Jul 30 '18 at 20:51
  • 2
    An argument based on silence may say whatever it wants, but it is not the way to the truth of a matter. – SLM Aug 1 '18 at 4:39

Your Answer

By clicking "Post Your Answer", you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy, and that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.