What particular action that is in excess to God's Permissive Will did Satan commit in the Garden of Eden?
Remember the question is focusing on what particular action, not the temptation because temptation of Adam & Eve was allowed by God to test their obedience.
Freedom put to the test
396 God created man in his image and established him in his friendship. A spiritual creature, man can live this friendship only in free submission to God. the prohibition against eating "of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil" spells this out: "for in the day that you eat of it, you shall die." The "tree of the knowledge of good and evil" symbolically evokes the insurmountable limits that man, being a creature, must freely recognize and respect with trust. Man is dependent on his Creator, and subject to the laws of creation and to the moral norms that govern the use of freedom.
So, we can clearly conclude that Satan in the form of serpent was allowed by God to enter the Paradise with one mission to test man's obedience by way of temptation.
The question is up to what extent the temptation of Adam & Eve is allowed? Is Satan allowed to destroy or even kill Adam & Eve physically?
Is Satan capable of exceeding the limits of God Permissive Will?
Let's look at God's Wisdom when he subject His creature(Adam & Eve) to temptation of the devil in.
"No trial has come to you but what is human. God is faithful and will not let you be tried beyond your strength; but with the trial he will also provide a way out, so that you may be able to bear it."(!Corinthian10:13)
So, based on St.Paul writings God will provide a way out for Adam & Eve, the question is did God failed to give Eve in the first instance when she was being tempted beyond her abilities to bear the temptation. It would seems in the event in the Fall of Eve God became unfaithful, He did not fulfill His promised of protection.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
- Consolation to them, under their temptation; it is none but such as is "common to man," or "such as man can bear," "adapted to man's powers of endurance" [Wahl].
faithful—(Ps 125:3; Isa 27:3, 8; Re 3:10). "God is faithful" to the covenant which He made with you in calling you (1Th 5:24). To be led into temptation is distinct from running into it, which would be "tempting God" (1Co 10:9; Mt 4:7).
way to escape—(Jer 29:11; 2Pe 2:9). The Greek is, "the way of escape"; the appropriate way of escape in each particular temptation; not an immediate escape, but one in due time, after patience has had her perfect work (Jas 1:2-4, 12). He "makes" the way of escape simultaneously with the temptation which His providence permissively arranges for His people.
to bear it—Greek, "to bear up under it," or "against it." Not, He will take it away (2Co 12:7-9).
If Eve did not bear the intensity of the serpent temptation, the providence of God must come in for Eve to be able to bear, so that in Paul writings God faithfulness will not be put into question.
Let's review again the narration and asked the question how do satan operates a cunning temptation?
Archbishop Averky Tauchev explained the stages leading to the passions in his book, The Struggle for Virtue: Asceticism in a Modern Secular Society:
Man’s falling into sin takes place in accordance with a certain consistent pattern.
1.The first stage of sin is the stage of “suggestion,” when sinful thoughts and suggestions enter unintentionally, by chance, and contrary to one’s will into one’s soul, either through the senses, the emotions or through the imagination. This is sinless and is only a possible prelude to sin.
2.“Acceptance” is the reception of a “suggestion,” paying heed to it, which is not always without sin. “Consent” is when the soul delights in the thought or image that has been presented; at this point, there is the danger of actually falling into sin by deed.
The next stage is “captivity,” when the soul is so strongly drawn to sin that the peaceful state of the soul is disturbed.
Finally comes “passion,” the long-term and habitual delight in sinful thoughts and feelings, and the committing of sin in actual deed. This is already complete slavery to sin, and the one who does not repent and drive out his passion will be subject to eternal torment. However, someone possessed by one or another passion begins to experience a foretaste of eternal torment already in this life and will not find inner peace.
At this point a very intense and persistent battle and the special Grace of God is necessary in order to renounce a sin that has become second nature.
In this reflections God's providence should have came in stage 3 before Eve get's into captivity, the grace of God must flow in to provide a way out but it did not happen. So, is God faithful...in the surface God is not, but on reality and deeper meditation God is faithful and the graces is working for Eve really well when satan tempted Eve, Why?
First move of the serpent:FAILED
The serpent tempted Eve to eat the fruit, Eve having preter natural gifts of original holiness and justice said NO!
Second move of the serpent, a cunning deception by "suggestion"
Why don't you touch it first?
Eve defended herself well by saying "even touching is prohibited".
So, satan failed in tempting Eve and failed in suggesting even to touch the fruit.
In this state, we can see God faithfulness to Eve by giving her graces to fight the temptation is working against satan temptation.
What makes Satan win over Eve, this is where the mystery unfolds. this is where the debate comes in.
I would like to quote the Poem of Valtorta but it is a forbidden books so you won't accept what is written there although we know satan gives half-truth it's for us to discern.
So with this, it's better for me to quote St.Hildegard Poem so that it will not only be acceptable but it is a Church approved private revelation.
Satan's Fall in the Heavenly Realms is due to Pride and Disobedience, but in the Garden satan was motivated by ENVY.
What is envy?
One of the seven deadly sins- Envy is a feeling of grudging admiration for another's talent, integrity, personality, looks, money or happiness.
Envy oftens serves as the motivation for different acts.
They wish for the other person to not have whatever they are envious and go to extreme measures to prevent them from having it. If they can't get it they are satisfied with trying to destroy their happiness through under-handed means.
Satan out ENVY go to "extreme measures" and "satisfied with trying to destroy"
Satan by ENVY go now beyond the permissive will of God which is only to tempt, by his envy he seeks to destroy the image of God that Adam & Eve have and the friendship that they have with God.
The line of thought of St.Hildegard point to Genesis3:14 punishment sentenced to Eve which is a pain in giving birth to a child, it's a different punishment to Adam although they had eaten the same fruit.
We all know that satan counterfeits whatever God does, in Genesis2:17
"And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul." (Genesis2:7)
This is the my deeper reflections, while God breathed in life, Satan can breathe into us to infuse malice and death of soul.
And death is contrary to the Permissive Will of God, as God commanded Adam not eat the fruit for him not to suffer death.
So, satan after failing to tempt Eve to eat or even touch the fruit which in the context of temptation is allowed by God. Satan breathe in his malice in Eve which is the MARKED of LUST as Catechism of the Church teaches. I don't want to put the words "sexual act" as the wisdom of the Church never agreed on St.Ambrose reflections in his time. So, it's safe to say that satan has "breathe in his malice" over Eve that cause Eve not able to resist the temptation, She was overpowered although the graces of God was there but the "extreme measures" that satan did out of envy destroyed Eve resistance.
"For God created man incorruptible, and to the image of his own likeness he made him. But by the envy of the devil, death came into the world. And they follow him that are of his side."
(Book of Wisdom 2:23-25)
Saint Hildegard, the twelfth-century Abbess, gifted and holy extoller of the beauty of virginity.
Here she is singing of the Virgin Mary, from whom “a blessing flows greater than the harm Eve did to men”:
A very great cause it was for lamenting and mourning,
That through the counsel of the serpent, sorrow and guilt flowed into woman.
For that woman, whom God had set to be the mother of us all,
she destroyed her own womb with the wounds of ignorance
and gave birth to all pain for her children...
St.Hildegard poem said;
"SHE DESTROYED HER OWN WOMB WITH THE WOUNDS OF IGNORANCE"
Therefore, Eve in Genesis3:14 is punished related to her womb, and the serpent going against the Permissive Will of God by introducing death that is contrary to Divine Plan for Adam & Eve sentenced by a "cursed" and his powers diminished,"because you have done this"** is now answered because ENVY is the source of uncontrolled act which seeks to steal the good and destroy it.**