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The famous hymn "Salve Regina" in Latin contains the words "Advocata Nostra" and it is recited at the end of the Holy Rosary.

What is the meaning of that phrase "Advocata Nostra" according to Church Tradition and Teaching? Is it biblical?

Salve Regina

*Salve, Regina, mater misericordiae:

Vita, dulcedo, et spes nostra, salve.

Ad te clamamus, exsules, filii Hevae.

Ad te suspiramus, gementes et flentes

in hac lacrimarum valle.*

Eia ergo, Advocata nostra,

*illos tuos misericordes oculos

ad nos converte.

Et Iesum, benedictum fructum ventris tui,*

*nobis, post hoc exsilium ostende.

O clemens: O pia: O dulcis*

Virgo Maria.

This famous hymn is alluded to Mary as the "Advocata Nostra" or "Gracious Advocate" aside from being the Mother of Mercy or Mater Misericordiae.

I am looking for a sound doctrine or the roots of that phrase who formulate or articulate the lyrics of this famous Catholic hymn specifically expounding the importance of the word "Advocata Nostra" to Catholic beliefs.

An apostolic tradition, church father commentaries or teaching and Catholic Church doctrines would be appreciated.

  • Are you asking for something that comments directly on the words of the Salve Regina -- or just an explanation of "Advocata Nostra"? – lonesomeday Jul 20 '18 at 22:00
  • @lonesomeday something to expound the biblical basis & roots of the phrase "advocata nostra". The way I understood "advocata nostra" it's a role or function while Salve Regina is a reward. – marian agustin Jul 20 '18 at 22:35
  • 'advocata nostra' is Latin for 'our advocate.' The Latin version, the original, is slightly different from English translations because older Latin prayers do not translate well into English as they are. – Sola Gratia Jul 20 '18 at 23:27
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This site has some insightful comments about this. Notice Mary as our Advocate has not yet being declared as a dogma, but as you indicated, it is stated in the Salve Regina, a one thousand year old prayer. First, notice that Jesus is the mediator between God the Father and Us:

God the Father dwells in unapproachable light. No human being has, or can see, the face of God (Jn 1:18) because of our impurity and sin. Nothing flawed could stand in the presence of God. Therefore, the Father, sent Jesus, to become a man and by His act of redemption, He reconciled man with God but also continually mediates between the people He has won and the Father.

We know this from Jesus himself (John 14:6):

Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me.

But to go to Jesus, the Church and NT show us that we can also have some "advocated" that pray for us, or through which we can be the object of prayer. The article above states:

It would certainly be more humble for us to have someone go to the Lord on our behalf. In fact, we do this all the time when we ask others to pray for us. Often, our prayers are answered more effectively this way because God desires for us to be humble and to depend on one another in prayer. This not only helps in our need but also builds up the body of Christ, the Church.

Who is best at this task than the Blessed Virgin Mary. From the very fact of her "Yes" to the angel, which enabled our salvation, to Jesus' own commandment to take St. Mary to "our home" (John 19:27), evidence of this is abundant (see the article for some).

It is important however to differentiate Mary as "official" mediator of graces and as advocate. The former is the belief of Mary Mediatrix, which also is not (yet?) a dogma. Here we are dealing with the latter. I quote the article above, in extenso:

However, at this point I had better make a distinction between the teaching of Mary being mediatrix of all graces and the devotion of choosing to go through her to Jesus and to the Father. Mary as Mediatrix or Dispensatrix of All Grace is something we believe and, as defined above, needs to be acknowledged as a truth and as such is a contemplative act, while the devotion to Mary as our mediator is an active practice of our spiritual life. This latter devotion to Mary as our mediator with the one Mediator, Jesus, comes under the title of Mary as Advocate. This word gives a further dimension to Mary as our mediator. She is not just interceding for us she is advocating, actively championing our cause. This process of Mary mediating and advocating for us is completely and correctly explained in St. Louis Marie De Montfort's treatise, "True Devotion to Mary" and is too large a topic to be dealt with in this short work. Nevertheless, for those who would know more about this practice, I recommend St. De Montfort's book which is reported to have transformed the life of the man who was to become Pope John Paul II.

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The phrase "advocata nostra" in English "gracious advocate" is a profound role attributed to Mary.

Mary can act on this particular role powerfully "Advocate for the People of God" by virtue of the heavenly reward bestowed on Her by the Most Holy Trinity at the end of Her earthly life.

The Blessed Virgin Mary: Advocate for the People of God

http://www.motherofallpeoples.com/2009/07/the-blessed-virgin-mary-advocate-for-the-people-of-god/

I found the back cover translator's notes of the small book compiled by a deceased Bosconian Priest Fr.Adolf Faroni, SDB fascinating. The title of the book taken from St.Bonaventure words "Mary, the jewel of the human race", it composes of words of praises and quotes coming from 99 famous Saints & Church Fathers and Popes.Also, it contains a beautiful prayer to Mary coming from St.John Paul II the Great whose known for the famous line "Totus Tuus" composed during the Celebration of the Marian Year.

Below is the back cover tranlator's notes describing the "Salve Regina"

"Then the Eternal Father announced to all the angels & saints; "Our Daughter Mary has been chosen by our will from among all creatures as the first in our favor, and she has never fallen from the position of a true Daughter.Therefore, She has a claimed to our Kingdom, of which She is to be acknowledged and crowned the lawful Sovereign and Queen".

The Incarnate Word declared; "To my true and natural Mother belong all the creatures that I have created and redeemed.And of all things over which I am King, She too shall be the rightful Queen." And the Holy Ghost said; "By the title of my only chosen Spouse, to which She has faithfully corresponded, the crown of Queen is also due to Her for all eternity." Then the three Divine Persons solemnly placed on Mary's bowed head a splendid gleaming crown of glory which far exceeds in beauty any crown that ever has been or ever will be rewarded to a creature by God. At the same time a Voice sounded from the Throne saying; "Our Beloved and Chosen One among creatures, Our Kingdom is yours.You are the Queen and Sovereign of the Seraphim and of all our ministering angels and of all the created universe.We give you power,majesty and dominion over it. While filled with grace beyond all others, you humbled yourself to the lowest place in your own estimation. Receive now the Supreme Honor which you deserve, and participate in the Sovereign Power exercised by the Divinity over all that Our Omnipotence has created. From your Royal Throne you shall rule over hell and earth and nature. Our own Will shall ever be ready to accomplish your will.

Book : "Mary the Jewel of human race" (complied by Fr.Adolf Faroni, SDB)

Nihil Obstat: Daniel V. Flynn, J.C.C Censor Liborium

Imprimatur: Patrick J. Sheridan, D.D. vicar General, Archdiocese of New York

From Fr.Adolf Faroni,SDB back cover narration of Salve Regina, it shows that the most Holy Trinity had crowned the "Blessed Virgin Mary their Beloved Daugther, Theotokos and Spouse" and bestowed Great Power to Her by crowning Her Sovereign Queen of Heaven & Earth. as seen in sacred scriptures in Revelation12:1 a Catholic Church belief that is pointing to the Blessed virgin Mary as also the Woman in Genesis3:15. And so the title of Salve Regina empowers the Blessed Virgin Mary to act as a powerful Advocate in the words of the famous Latin hymn "Advocata Nostra".

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