I heard on the Relevant Radio recently that the Genesis account of the deluge is prehistorical. Meaning, it wasn't really recorded in histories the way other more specific accounts of historical events were.

But, where exactly does the Bible's historical content begin for Catholics?

Here's the radio broadcast of Go Ask Your Father I was listening to.

  • 1
    My suspicion (but its just a guess) is that the historical accounts would begin with Abraham in Genesis 12. In seminary, I actually took a whole semester class on Genesis 1 -11, the idea being that Genesis is markedly demarcated at that point. Mar 9, 2012 at 15:56
  • @AffableGeek that is what the priest on the radio said, that it begins with Abraham. I just wonder if it's more nuanced than that since Abraham clearly has some lineage (and is mentioned) in Genesis 11, not that the Torah cares about our Biblical chaptering system.
    – Peter Turner
    Mar 9, 2012 at 16:05
  • So, really the question is, "Is the second Table of nations (Genesis 11:10 - 31) considered history or prehistory?" Since it is pure genealogy, it may not matter. The birthing ages of the second table are far more in line with what one would expect, but the deaths are pretty long. That said, Abraham lived to be nearly 200 himself, so its probably up for interpretation. Mar 9, 2012 at 16:12
  • Yeah, more or less. I left the question pretty vague because I'm not entirely sure of the theology behind marking one thing as prehistory and another thing as history.
    – Peter Turner
    Mar 9, 2012 at 16:16
  • christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/44894/… This is a question related and has a good answer.
    – Kris
    Jul 17, 2017 at 23:24

3 Answers 3


The problem with that question is that it makes a very difficult assumption: that the Church has an official position as to when the historical begins. Frankly, it doesn't.

The Church's view of Genesis can be best summed up by, "it means what it means." Yes, that is tautology, but it is necessarily so — we know that the Bible is 100% accurate in faith and morals as intended by the author, but it is very difficult to narrow down the theology beyond that. Further, it is not impossible for the author to make an error in matters historical as history is not strictly limited by faith and morals. (Placement of the Medes in the book of Daniel, for example, is generally considered an anachronism, but it does make sense if taken more symbollically).

On a personal note: I view the histories as starting with the book of Joshua and continuing from there. For, while there is definitely som mytho-symbolic content in Judges, my reading is that, overall, the concern of the documents is the historical progression of the nation. Yes, that does omit the entire pentateuch, but, while I will not deny that there is most certainly history in those documents, picking apart history from legend in those five is a bit tricky.

  • I'm not entirely sure you're right about an official position as it was a priest (as a monsignor at that) who said this in connection with a question about cavemen vs Adam and Eve. But maybe I need to be more precise about what I mean by historical. I really mean, where does the Bible begin to, I don't know how to phrase this really. When does the Bible begin to consider itself a history?
    – Peter Turner
    Mar 9, 2012 at 16:48
  • 2
    That is part of the problem. Priests present modern scholarship and it is taken that they've presented the PoV of the Church itself. They haven't. Mar 9, 2012 at 17:46

The Catechism of the Catholic Church says (#105), "God is the author of Sacred Scripture." Further, (#106)

[The human authors of scripture]consigned to writing whatever he wanted written and no more."

Therefore, there is no part of the scriptures that is merely human and potentially erroneous. God is Truth, and can neither deceive nor be deceived. Thus, I believe that the answer to your question is that all of Genesis is to be considered historical, unless there is a reason to believe that the literal sense is different (as has been suggested with Genesis 1).

If you look at Pius XII's Divino Afflante Spiritu, you will find this spelled out:

having been written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they have God for their author, and as such were handed down to the Church herself."[3] When, subsequently, some Catholic writers, in spite of this solemn definition of Catholic doctrine, by which such divine authority is claimed for the "entire books with all their parts" as to secure freedom from any error whatsoever, ventured to restrict the truth of Sacred Scripture solely to matters of faith and morals, and to regard other matters, whether in the domain of physical science or history, as "obiter dicta" and - as they contended - in no wise connected with faith, Our Predecessor of immortal memory, Leo XIII in the Encyclical Letter Providentissimus Deus, published on November 18 in the year 1893, justly and rightly condemned these errors and safe-guarded the studies of the Divine Books by most wise precepts and rules.


The first and greatest care of Leo XIII was to set forth the teaching on the truth of the Sacred Books and to defend it from attack. Hence with grave words did he proclaim that there is no error whatsoever if the sacred writer, speaking of things of the physical order "went by what sensibly appeared" as the Angelic Doctor says,[5] speaking either "in figurative language, or in terms which were commonly used at the time, and which in many instances are in daily use at this day, even among the most eminent men of science." For "the sacred writers, or to speak more accurately - the words are St. Augustine's - [6] the Holy Spirit, Who spoke by them, did not intend to teach men these things - that is the essential nature of the things of the universe - things in no way profitable to salvation"; which principle "will apply to cognate sciences, and especially to history,"[7]

And also

Finally it is absolutely wrong and forbidden "either to narrow inspiration to certain passages of Holy Scripture, or to admit that the sacred writer has erred," since divine inspiration "not only is essentially incompatible with error but excludes and rejects it as absolutely and necessarily as it is impossible that God Himself, the supreme Truth, can utter that which is not true. This is the ancient and constant faith of the Church."[9]

From these considerations, I would say that "for the sake of salvation" from Dei Verbum in this quote should be interpreted as the motivation for God's revelation in the scriptures and not as a restriction of inerrancy to moral and theological subjects.

Therefore, since everything asserted by the inspired authors or sacred writers must be held to be asserted by the Holy Spirit, it follows that the books of Scripture must be acknowledged as teaching solidly, faithfully and without error that truth which God wanted put into sacred writings (5) for the sake of salvation.

In the area historical accuracy, the Old Testament has been proven a very reliable witness to the ancient, ancient world. One should be careful about finding historical inaccuracies there, because the authors of the Old Testament, even at the latest date argued for the time of writing, were far closer to the events and society of the times they depict than we are.

A little anachronism is to be expected in human language. For instance, we often talk about things happening in Israel or Turkey when it is only a geographical accident that they are included in the current borders of the political entities that bear those names today. That doesn't make the statements any less true.

  • I guess I'd better call in and ask exactly what the priest who made the statement meant. I really think he was talking about "history" as in a narrative style.
    – Peter Turner
    Mar 20, 2012 at 2:13
  • That makes a difference. My opinion is that all of Genesis after the expulsion from Eden reads as plain history. My opinion. One could make a good argument that "eating from the tree of knowledge of good and evil" was not intended as a literal description of the original sin. But maybe it was.
    – Big Ed
    Mar 20, 2012 at 21:30

The Catholic Church teaches, in the decisions of the 1909 Pontifical Biblical Commission (Latin original), that at least

The first three Chapters of Genesis contain narratives that correspond to objectively real and historically true events (rerum vere gestarum narrationes quae scilicet obiectivae realitati et historicae veritati respondeant), no myths, no mere allegories or symbols of religious truths, no legends.

Thus, there is no way that the Deluge is "prehistorical", if the first 3 chapters of Genesis are "historically true events."

  • 'corresponds to' and 'is' are different. Mar 6, 2015 at 7:51
  • @thedarkwanderer The Church believes in the correspondence theory of truth, which St. Thomas Aquinas defines as the "adæquatio rei et intellectus" or "conformity of the thing and the intellect," which he explains, saying: "judgment is said to be true when it conforms [He also uses the word correspondentia or "correspondence".] to the external reality" (De Veritate q. 1 a. 1-3).
    – Geremia
    Sep 2, 2016 at 14:57

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