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At the end of Jesus' ministry, what did Jesus mean when He said "it is finished" (John 19:30)? Is this to be considered the end of Satan's Reign over humanity?

closed as primarily opinion-based by curiousdannii, Dan, Peter Turner Dec 5 '18 at 14:27

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • What sort of answers do you want? (i.e. which Christian faith traditions would you find answers acceptable from?) – Peter Turner May 15 '18 at 0:56
  • Welcome to Christianity.SE! When you have a moment, please take our tour and visit our help center to learn more about us. This site is dedicated to understanding Christianity (Christian denominations) and it's no surprise that many of the denominations represented here have different views on gospel subjects. Therefore, questions about specific beliefs must be directed to a specific denomination or risk closure as a truth question. Thanks! – JBH May 15 '18 at 2:48
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    Also the title of the question seems very broad, especially in relation to the actual question being asked "what did Jesus mean when He said "it is finished"?" – Nick Rolando May 15 '18 at 4:05
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    Christianity isn't different denominations... Denominations are mans attempt throughout history at expressing what is found in the Bible concerning Christianity... So therefore the foundation of Christian teaching isn't a denomination, it is the Bible. This web page ceases to be a Christian web page if denominational teaching rules over and above Gods word, the Bible.. – David Keel May 17 '18 at 22:58
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    Two of the examples that are in the guidelines of this forum are as follows : 1. understanding the Bible from the perspective of a specific viewpoint. 2. the Biblical basis for a belief or practice Peoples questions are constanly being turned away because they don't fit in with a specific denomination... which goes against the guidelines in this forum – David Keel May 17 '18 at 23:07
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Yes, victory over Satan and over sin, for HE had accomplished what had been promised since the beginning with Adam and Eve: First Promise of the Savior?

Furthermore, note Jesus' prayer in John 17

“Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him. And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent. I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do. And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was. (nkjv)

What is the work that God sent his Son our Savior to accomplish?

John 3:16-17 (nkjv)

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.

The death and resurrection of Jesus was the fulfillment of many prophecies (ex psalm 22), fulfillment of the Law (Matt 5:17), victory over Satan and sin, what ultimately ushered in the New Covenant, that is saved by grace through faith (ephesians 2:8), and I'm sure the list goes on.. :)

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While agreeing heartily with Nick Rolando's answer, I believe there's at least one further, additional meaning: He also meant simply that His immediate work, i.e. the suffering on the cross, was finished.

A couple years ago for a Good Friday service, I and six other members of my congregation were asked to give brief messages on "the seven last words" of Jesus while on the cross. "It is finished" was the statement I was assigned. While praying about what to say & teach, I felt led to emphasize that Jesus was fully in control of the whole situation -- an important point to remember, and easily forgotten just because of the fact that was nailed to a cross!

So I likened the whole scene to a courtroom, with Jesus as the Sovereign Judge. It didn't matter that He had been stripped bare, it didn't matter that He was on the cross, it didn't matter that every person there saw only a condemned victim. He was still in charge, just as surely as if He were a judge in robes sitting at the bench. And so when He cried out "It is finished," He was bringing down the gavel and declaring the ransom paid and the court adjourned. Neither Pilate nor anyone else held that authority; it was Jesus' alone.

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The gospels of Matthew, Mark and John all agree on one point; after Jesus had drank the vinegar, He cried out one last time, and then He died. John 19:30 gives us what He said: “It is finished.” The Greek corresponding to this is τετελεσται, tetelestai, the literal translation of which is “it has been accomplished.” Jesus, in His life and death, had fulfilled biblical prophesies of the suffering Messiah of Isaiah 53. In Him, the messianic prophesies had been confirmed, supported or upheld. According to Strong’s Concordance, the Hebrew verb אָמַן, aman, means to confirm or to support. It is the root word for “Amen.”

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What Jesus meant by 'it is finished' are the things that were written for him to do. You can read that in Hebrews 10:7. All the things and prophecies about Christ, that he was able to finish, even his crucifixion mentioned by the prophets, were completed and done.

One example, was this prophecy about him, the Worm Jacob. Psalms 22:6.

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It is finished. If you go to the original language. You will find that it also mirrors the business /accounting term "paid in full". Jesus had announced that He had come to "Fullfill the law ". Yes He could live the perfect life. But the part of the law no one could fullfill was the justice debt of death. Only blood covered the sin debt. And animal blood (life taken) was just a temporary symbol, as was most of what was in the OT. Of the realizations of the New Testament. And only the laying down of a perfectly lived life would suffice. Until that point there could be no possibility of a relationship with God. All of which is severely condensed and would take a while to dive into. But feel free to counter question. For teaching and learning are not opposites.

  • Thanks for the answer and welcome to Christianity.SE! Learn more about answering questions here. I hope you will stick around. Your answer doesn't seem to explicitly answer the question of what is the "it." Additionally, it is always helpful and desired to support your answer with Scripture or other sources; this is one way your answer could be made even better. – Alex Strasser Dec 5 '18 at 17:30

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