In Genesis 3:14 "The LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust you will eat All the days of your life"
We know that God is omnipotent and everything is subject to God's providence, even the action of the devil. It is universally accepted among faith that the serpent was permitted by God to tempt Adam & Eve for their perfection.
In CCC381 it stated "Man is predestined to reproduce the image of God's Son made man, the "image of the invisible God" (Col 1:15), so that Christ shall be the first-born of a multitude of brothers and sisters (cf. Eph 1:3-6; Rom 8:29).
Adam & Eve being subjected to temptation, God's providence is intended on the mastery or perfection of virtue to achieve Theosis.
The early Christians had a specific name for this process of becoming more like God. It was (and still is) called “theosis”. We sometimes see this rendered as “divinization” or “deification” in Western Christianity, but the three terms all describe the same thing. St. Athanasius puts it very succinctly: “God became man so that man might become God.” The Early Church Fathers found the roots of this concept of theosis in Sacred Scripture:
His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of passion, and become partakers of the divine nature.” (2 Peter 1:3-4)
This is the highest call of Adam & Eve...and achieving perfection alone without the serpent would be futile.As written in book of proverbs "gold is tested by fire..."
So, knowing & accepting that the serpent was permitted by God in the Garden of Eden to do his bidding...the big question is, Why the serpent is being punished? If Adam & Eve resisted the serpent temptation that would be the cause of their perfection or Theosis...their body glorified & chaste...
What I am Looking for? RCC views on why God sentenced punishment on the serpent is just, considering the action of the serpent is permitted?
The passages highlighted the phrase "because you done this!"...this passages connotes the serpent might have done beyond what God permits...this will connote & link the significance of the Book of Job describing Satan has limited action on man...but the mystery is even if God set's the limit, is Satan capable of exceeding the limits?
I believe the serpent's action exceeded the limits beyond what God had prescribed before it enters the Garden of Eden...remember Lucifer casted out in Heavenly Realms full of arrogance & pride...and wanted to get revenge and destroy the plan God...the mystery of the serpent exceeded action lies on it's fury & extreme hatred...and we know that uncontrolled anger produces disaster... and for the serpent it incurs the just punishment of God, but why it is just sentenced will depend on the Church teaching>.Godbless