I know that Jesus chose 12 disciples (apostles) to represent the 12 tribes. My question do we know if each of the 12 were from a different tribe of Israel? In other words are all of the tribes represented in the 12 apostles?
From the simple fact that there were at least two sets of brothers, we can say for sure that their primary tribal identities were not from all 12 tribes.
If you included all their tribal ancestors from their mothers' sides as well, then we'd expect that all the tribes were represented just from the fact that people moved and married around a lot, but there's no actual evidence for it either way.
In other words are all of the tribes represented in the 12 apostles?
Not in this age. But in the new age, yes.
Jesus said to them, “Truly, I say to you, in the new world, when the Son of Man will sit on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Matthew 19:28 ESV)
and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Luke 22:29-30)