I know that Jesus chose 12 disciples (apostles) to represent the 12 tribes. My question do we know if each of the 12 were from a different tribe of Israel? In other words are all of the tribes represented in the 12 apostles?

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From the simple fact that there were at least two sets of brothers, we can say for sure that their primary tribal identities were not from all 12 tribes.

If you included all their tribal ancestors from their mothers' sides as well, then we'd expect that all the tribes were represented just from the fact that people moved and married around a lot, but there's no actual evidence for it either way.

  • Why so few votes up? This is strictly speaking the right answer. – luchonacho Mar 2 '18 at 10:54
  • @curiousdanii You sholud also mention that 10 tribes got "lost" over the years. So there were only the tribes Juda, Benjamin and Levi at the time of Jesus. – K-HB Mar 8 '19 at 23:18
  • @K-HB I don't know that that is actually true. – curiousdannii Mar 10 '19 at 19:48
  • @curiousdannii see Wikipedia and 2 Kings 17:6; historic-critical many things are unclear – K-HB Mar 10 '19 at 21:10
  • @K-HB, the tribes weren't lost to history yet: The Jewish historian Josephus (37–100 CE) wrote that "the ten tribes are beyond the Euphrates till now, and are an immense multitude and not to be estimated in numbers". -- Wikipedia – Ray Butterworth Apr 28 '19 at 14:07

In other words are all of the tribes represented in the 12 apostles?

Not in this age. But in the new age, yes.

Jesus said to them, “Truly, I say to you, in the new world, when the Son of Man will sit on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Matthew 19:28 ESV)

and I assign to you, as my Father assigned to me, a kingdom, that you may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Luke 22:29-30)

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