Does the cosmological argument ignore the spirituality of God?
“… does any Denomination separate its belief in Heaven from the prevalent Cosmological arguments and portend that Spirituality having no substance and occupying no space has no need for a causative factor.”
The cosmological argument typically refers to the idea that: assuming or postulating time-forward causation in the physical world, one could reason back to a beginning (first causation) or “God”. Philosophically, one could end up in a contradiction of the sort of “then what created God?”, or conclude that there must be some concept out of this system, such as a beginning without cause, or something infinite. Many of the arguments and lines of reasoning about this topic are alike to thinking in integers and reasoning about what comes before minus infinity. To deal with such more abstract concepts as infinity, spirituality or things outside of the physical world, requires additional assumptions or postulations, and therefore, will likely result in a variety of different perspectives, theories, and religious views. The information in the bible about these topics is also rather limited, but there are however quite some bible scriptures that can give some direction. The following text provides a brief summary of the perspective of Jehovah’s Witnesses on God the Father (Jehovah or Yahweh), the Son Jesus, and other spiritual beings, and some of their relations to matter time, and causation in the spiritual and physical realm.
- Jehovah God the Father, is without beginning and end.
Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were formed or the earth and the world were brought forth, you are God from eternity to eternity. (ISV)
Isaiah 43:10 Ye are my witnesses, saith Jehovah, and my servant whom I have chosen; that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. (ASV)
Isaiah 46:9 Remember the former things of long ago, That I am God, and there is no other. I am God, and there is no one like me. 10 From the beginning I foretell the outcome, And from long ago the things that have not yet been done. I say, ‘My decision (Footnote „purpose“) will stand, And I will do whatever I please.’(NWT)
- Jehovah God the Father is timeless.
Isaiah 57:15 For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: “I dwell in a high and holy place, and with the oppressed and humble in spirit, to restore the spirit of the lowly and revive the heart of the contrite. (BSB)
2 Peter 3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (KJV)
- Jesus the son, had a beginning, and everything is created through him.
Colossians 1:15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. (ESV, See also Revelation 3:14)
- Other spiritual Beings, Satan the devil, and demons had a beginning (see (3)), and they are spatially bounded in some sense.
Revelation 12: 7 Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought back, 8 but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. 9 And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. (ESV)
- Jesus, other spiritual beings, and physical beings are not timeless or outside of time.
Mark 13:32 “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. (NIV)
- God the Father is not only identified as the cause or creator of the beginning of the spiritual and physical universe but also as a causation effect in the future.
When commissioning Moses to lead God’s people out of Egypt, Jehovah revealed an aspect of his personality by using a related verb to describe his name, this time in the first person. The Bible record states: “God said to Moses: ‘I Will Become What I Choose to Become’ [or, “I Will Prove to Be What I Will Prove to Be”]. And he added: ‘This is what you are to say to the Israelites, “I Will Become has sent me to you.”’” (Ex. 3:14; ftn.) Thus Jehovah, in any circumstance, will become whatever is needed to accomplish his purpose.” (Source: "You Are My Witnesses", Watchtower July 15, 2014)
In summary from the perspective of Jehovah’s Witnesses, God is a spiritual being, without beginning, described as timelessness or outside of time, and He had no causative factor or was not created by another God/divine being but He is eternal. Jesus and other spiritual beings, however, do have a beginning and they are also not outside of time. Moreover, Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that God the Father is the causative factor, of the son Jesus, and that through Jesus, is the Creator of the rest of the spiritual and physical realm. Furthermore, the meaning of the name of God Yahweh or Jehovah is not only related to causation and creation in the past but also that of guiding and causing of an eternity of future events.
Happiness—How to Find It Chapter 4: Learning About What You Cannot See