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When reading the Hebrew scriptures and one encounters a reference to Yehovah, does that map in the NT to the Father? Or to the Father, Son and Holy Ghost? For example, in this passage can we be certain that the "I" is the Father? Or could it be all three persons?

English Standard Version Exodus 3:7 Then the LORD said, “I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters. I know their sufferings,

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    I think Trinitarians may be too broad of a group for a single answer. I can think of groups who would answer 'Trinity, some who would say 'Father', some 'Son', and some who would say 'depends on the verse'. – bradimus Oct 5 '17 at 15:22
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    @bradimus I changed it to Catholic. Thanks. – Ruminator Oct 5 '17 at 15:34
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    Looks good. I added the Catholicism tag. – bradimus Oct 5 '17 at 17:07
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    I strongly suggest that you look at the right side of the page here, and click on the "related" Trinity questions and answers before asking such a question. That you post it as "either or" suggests that you did not do any research before asking the question. – KorvinStarmast Oct 5 '17 at 20:17
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Yehovah is one of the names of God, like Elohim, Sabaoth, Adonai, Ancient of Days...

Therefore the name Yehovah (as well as other names of God) can be applied to the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, Trinity consubstantial and indivisible.

See also Saint John of Damascus, "An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith", book 1, chapter 12:

The Deity being incomprehensible is also assuredly nameless. Therefore since we know not His essence, let us not seek for a name for His essence. For names are explanations of actual things. But God, Who is good and brought us out of nothing into being that we might share in His goodness, and Who gave us the faculty of knowledge, not only did not impart to us His essence, but did not even grant us the knowledge of His essence. For it is impossible for nature to understand fully the supernatural. Moreover, if knowledge is of things that are, how can there be knowledge of the super-essential? Through His unspeakable goodness, then, it pleased Him to be called by names that we could understand, that we might not be altogether cut off from the knowlege of Him but should have some notion of Him, however vague. Inasmuch, then, as He is incomprehensible, He is also unnameable. But inasmuch as He is the cause of all and contains in Himself the reasons and causes of all that is, He receives names drawn from all that is, even from opposites: for example, He is called light and darkness, water and fire: in order that we may know that these are not of His essence but that He is super-essential and unnameable: but inasmuch as He is the cause of all, He receives names from all His effects.

... God then is called Mind and Reason and Spirit and Wisdom and Power, as the cause of these, and as immaterial, and maker of all, and omnipotent. And these names are common to the whole Godhead, whether affirmative or negative. And they are also used of each of the subsistences of the Holy Trinity in the very same and identical way and with their full significance. For when I think of one of the subsistences, I recognise it to be perfect God and perfect essence: but when I combine and reckon the three together, I know one perfect God. For the Godhead is not compound but in three perfect subsistences, one perfect indivisible and uncompound God.

  • And like "Jesus"? – Ruminator Oct 5 '17 at 23:44
  • Jesus Christ as a True God is Jehovah. Jesus Christ as a true man is not Jehovah, of course. – DenisMath Oct 5 '17 at 23:51
  • In Jesus Christ, two natures, Divine and human, are not merged, indivisibly and inseparably united. – DenisMath Oct 5 '17 at 23:57
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    This answer would benefit from some citations from Catholic sources to illustrate that it is (assuming it is) consistent with the Catholic position – bradimus Oct 6 '17 at 0:02
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    Denis, your arrogance isn't going over well. (I've walked in those shoes, trust me). Therefore the answer in the spirit of the Orthodox Christian dogmatics must of course be accepted by сatholics Had you used "may" instead of "must" I'd not have bothered to comment. – KorvinStarmast Oct 6 '17 at 3:21
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In the same way Saint Thomas studies the nature of God as One and as a Trinity in his Summa Theologica, I must say that the name YHWH only applies to God as One.

I dare to say that God as a Trinity, each person can be distinctly referred (as Father, Son or Jesus, and Holy Spirit).

  • Could you offer some quotations from Summa Theologica to support this? – bradimus Nov 1 '17 at 10:50

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