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I was wondering if the Roman Catholic Church is subject to complete institutional corruption, or total destruction, according to Catholic theology. Now this wouldn't necessarily be the fall of the Catholic faith, but instead that of its earthly headquarters and global godly authority.
I want to know because it may play a role in personal view of the end times, and the view of Catholics as well of course.

  • Personally I would say no for so few promises of Jesus are as scary and yet so encouraging as the one made to Peter in Matthew 16:18: “And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.” Yet some Catholics may think that Rome as a city may fall at the end times. What is the “city of seven hills” in St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy? – Ken Graham Aug 30 '17 at 11:27
  • Related, particularly the answers: When will be the end of the Catholic Church on earth by definition? – Nathaniel is protesting Aug 30 '17 at 14:38
  • Possible duplicate of What is the Catholic interpretation of 2 Thessalonians 2:3?; cf. this answer to that question (esp. the Cdl. Manning quote therein). – Geremia Aug 30 '17 at 22:04
  • The City of Rome has fallen many times including in 1870, 1942 and 1944. In 1798 it fell to Napoleon and the Pope was forcibly ejected from the city. It can certainly be said the RCC lost its earthly headquarters. Re its global authority, would Greece, Russia, England, Scotland, Sweden etc count? Are you thinking more of whether it could cease to exist in any visible sense at all, and/or continue to exit visibly but, according to its beliefs now, come so far to change that it would no longer be the/a true church? . – davidlol Aug 30 '17 at 22:45
  • In scripture, Jesus tells his disciples in Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them ... which seems to render this question irrelevant. Add to that the doctrine based on Paul's letters that the Church (which is all of the faithful) is the Body of Christ (and we each are the eyes, ears, hands, etc of Jesus) and the question is even more irrelevant. – KorvinStarmast Sep 6 '17 at 17:31
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From the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

754 "The Church is, accordingly, a sheepfold, the sole and necessary gateway to which is Christ. It is also the flock of which God himself foretold that he would be the shepherd, and whose sheep, even though governed by human shepherds, are unfailingly nourished and led by Christ himself, the Good Shepherd and Prince of Shepherds, who gave his life for his sheep.Lumen Gentium 6; Cf. Jn 10:1-10; Isa 40:11; Ezek 34:11-31; Jn 10:11; 1 Pet 5:4; Jn 10:11-16.

The Church is a community established by the Lord Himself, and He unfailingly nourishes and Leads her; if she were subject to "complete institutional corruption," as you put it, then it would mean that the Christ failed to nourish and lead her.

765 The Lord Jesus endowed his community with a structure that will remain until the Kingdom is fully achieved. Before all else there is the choice of the Twelve with Peter as their head.Cf. Mk 3:14-15 Representing the twelve tribes of Israel, they are the foundation stones of the new Jerusalem.Cf. Mt 19:28; Lk 22:30; Rev 21:12-14 The Twelve and the other disciples share in Christ's mission and his power, but also in his lot. Cf. Mk 6:7; Lk 10:1-2; Mt 10:25; Jn 15:20 By all his actions, Christ prepares and builds his Church.

The structure of the Church was endowed by Christ and will remain until the completion of the Kingdom, and therefore isn't subject to complete corruption unless the Kingdom has already been fully achieved.

768 So that she can fulfill her mission, the Holy Spirit "bestows upon [the Church] varied hierarchic and charismatic gifts, and in this way directs her."LG 4 "Henceforward the Church, endowed with the gifts of her founder and faithfully observing his precepts of charity, humility and self-denial, receives the mission of proclaiming and establishing among all peoples the Kingdom of Christ and of God, and she is on earth the seed and the beginning of that kingdom."LG 5

The Holy Spirit is responsible for directly guarding and protecting the Church by dispensing His gifts, both hierarchical and sacramental. It is the Holy Spirit who guarantees both Conciliar and Papal Infallibility, by preventing them from teaching in their Canons or ex Cathedra, respectively, anything which will corrupt the Church.

In any case, there is also the Biblical promise in Mt 16:18:

18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Here Christ clearly says that the Church shall subsist until the end of time, so we are justified in believing that she will not fail.

Now, regarding the city of Rome itself, or the temporal power of the Papacy, that might (and has, at times) fallen, but the point of the Vatican existing is so that the Church isn't seen as an Italian institution, and the Pope isn't seen as a subject of the Italian State. For contrast, recall that the Ottomans would not allow a foreigner to occupy the Patriarchate of Constantinople after they conquered that great city.

In any case, the fall of the Vatican City State does not imply the fall of the Pope's global authority, though it might affect his standing among the diplomatic corps of the world. Even if he were chased out of the Eternal City and had to take up residence in Pisa, Avignon, Dharamsala or New Jersey, he would remain the Supreme Pontiff, Vicar of Christ, and the Rock upon which the Church is built.

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