In 1964, Methodist theologian Albert C. Outler outlined the Wesleyan Quadrilateral in his introduction to John Wesley's anthology of works.

This establishes a hermeneutic framework in which truth, revelation and so forth are interpreted through the lenses of Scripture and Tradition, reason and Experience.

Similarly, Jewish Scholarship has a similar framework, PaRDeS, an acronym formed from the following hermeneutic approaches:

  • Peshat (פְּשָׁט‎) — "surface" ("straight") or the literal (direct) meaning.[1]
  • Remez (רֶמֶז‎) — "hints" or the deep (allegoric: hidden or symbolic) meaning beyond just the literal sense.
  • Derash (דְּרַשׁ‎) — from Hebrew darash: "inquire" ("seek") — the comparative (midrashic) meaning, as given through similar occurrences.
  • Sod (סוֹד‎) (pronounced with a long O as in 'soda') — "secret" ("mystery") or the esoteric/mystical meaning, as given through inspiration or revelation.

Have there been any Weslyan theologians and scholars that have sought to compare and equate the two frameworks and methodologies.

  • Related – James Shewey Jul 20 '17 at 15:58
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    PaRDeS doesn't seem like the Wesleyan Quadrilateral at all. It seems much more like the Medieval fourfold allegorical interpretation. But Methodism did lead to Pentecostalism, so maybe there is something there... – curiousdannii Jul 20 '17 at 23:47
  • @curiousdannii After a little more reading on it than just the introduction, I could see Peshat corresponding to Scripture, Remez correspond to reason, Derash correspond to Tradition and Sod revelation/experience (more or less). They don't seem to be exact fits, but could broadly correspond. – James Shewey Jul 21 '17 at 0:51

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