My understanding, is that in response to the protestant reformation, Luther in particular, the Catholic Church convened the council of Trent, and put their official doctrines on the issues into writing. One section was a list of 33 "canons" which I believe are like church laws.
Many of these canons ended with an "Anathema" being pronounced on anyone who would say such a thing. Anathema is a "curse", here's a quick dictionary lookup for it on dictionary.com:
1.a person or thing detested or loathed 2.a person or thing accursed or consigned to damnation or destruction. 3.a formal ecclesiastical curse involving excommunication. 4.any imprecation of divine punishment. 5.a curse; execration.
These are often cited by protestants to show how the Catholic church feels about the idea of being "Saved by Faith alone".
This is the source I used for the canons "https://history.hanover.edu/texts/trent/ct06.html"
Here are examples of some Canons for clarity, and the anathemas at the end:
CANON IX.-If any one saith, that by faith alone the impious is justified; in such wise as to mean, that nothing else is required to co-operate in order to the obtaining the grace of Justification, and that it is not in any way necessary, that he be prepared and disposed by the movement of his own will; let him be anathema.
CANON XII.-If any one saith, that justifying faith is nothing else but confidence in the divine mercy which remits sins for Christ's sake; or, that this confidence alone is that whereby we are justified; let him be anathema.
CANON XV.-If any one saith, that a man, who is born again and justified, is bound of faith to believe that he is assuredly in the number of the predestinate; let him be anathema
I feel like there are a lot of directions this could go, so I want to be pretty specific about the answer.
The question is Does the Catholic Church still pronounce these anathemas on protestants who believe as such?
So I feel like answers should clearly have a Yes, or a No.
If you so choose, I am also interested in, what the church means by anathema, how this plays out in the Catholic view of protestant churches, etc etc. I don't really want to get into why these canons are or are not theologically sound (I would love to, but for the sake of the scope of this question let's not).