Assuming not all humans on earth will become Christians. Many have lived and died that have not. The Bible is clear that many will fall away and perish.

If Molinism is true,

Then either:

A. There is no possible world or state of being that allows all individuals on earth to freely choose belief in God


B. There is some possible world or state of being that would allow all individuals on earth to freely choose belief in God

If A is true, this implies some limit to God’s power, or if not, it seems prima facie false. It's fair to think that there is some possible world where all individuals on earth to freely choose belief in God.

If B is true, then God freely chose not to create a world where all individuals freely choose God, even though he could have. Which seems very unlikely if God is omnibenevolent.

Is there an official molinist response to this?

  • Have a look at arguments for molinism and this should clarify my question. Jul 4, 2017 at 2:49
  • Argument and philosophy are two different things. Would you like some more direct attempt at addressing the question of why a good God would create children that would reject Him?
    – Joel Rees
    Jul 5, 2017 at 12:04

2 Answers 2


I am not especially Molinist, by either formal declaration or preference. But, as a 3rd party observer, my quick review of wikipedia indicates to me that both options A and B require underlying assumptions that Molin may not have accepted.

Both seem to assume that everyone choosing belief in God before they die is a good thing.

And they both seem to assume that every individual, if given the choice, would choose to believe in God while they are alive.

A bit in the apparent converse, they also both seem to assume that there is ultimately an option, after death.

"Every knee shall bow," etc., but we are not told that everyone will choose to do the same thing with their ultimate confession of God. In fact, we are told that some will acknowledge God and choose to go their way into some lesser happiness, where the glory of God is seen in reflection, or at a distance, not directly.

At least that's how I understand this version of the question of evil.


A bit late to the party, but I'm a Molinist and can at least attempt to answer here.

First of all, it is important to establish that creating free creatures represents God imposing restrictions on himself; this does not limit His sovereignty or power or any way. In the same way, it does not limit His sovereignty or power to say that He cannot do that which is logically impossible: He cannot make a rock so big he cannot lift it, he cannot make a square circle, and he cannot directly force a free decision.

Given this, let's revisit A, which I would phrase as:

A: There is no possible world in which all people freely choose Christ.

It is at least possible that this is true as a result of human freedom; no matter the world God creates or circumstances He places His creatures in, at least one will not accept Him. This is one possibility, and it would not diminish His sovereignty or power, since it was His choice to create free creatures rather than determine everything.

There is at least one additional possibility, which is that although there are possible worlds in which all come to faith and are saved, none of these worlds exceed a population of X (where X is some tiny number like 10,000).

If God, before the creative decree, was choosing between a world in which none were damned but only 10,000 came to faith, or a world in which many were damned but millions upon millions came to faith, it seems quite reasonable that He might choose to create the latter. In other words, although B may be true, it does not necessarily follow that God would elect to create such a world, since His desire may be that the greatest possible number of people be saved.

TL;DR - Either could be true, but neither is particularly problematic for Molinists. If A is true, free will is a limitation God has placed on himself so that's fine, and if B is true, God could still have reasons not to make such a world.

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