Ephesians 2:2 reads:

in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.

  • A. Because the spirit is at work to some people, those people become disobedient.
  • B. Because some people are disobedient, the spirit is at work in those people.

According to Calvinist, is A or B the correct one ? Thank you.

1 Answer 1


From Calvin's commentary on Ephesians 2:2 :

We may now draw from it also this inference, that ungodly men have no excuse in being driven by Satan to commit all sorts of crimes. Whence comes it that they are subject to his tyranny, but because they are rebels against God? If none are the slaves of Satan, but those who have renounced the service, and refuse to yield to the authority, of God, let them blame themselves, for having so cruel a master.

Choice B. Those who refuse to yield to the authority of God become subject to the tyranny of Satan.

  • Thank you for your answer, bradimus. I choose your answer as the accepted one.
    – karma
    Jul 2, 2017 at 16:17

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .