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The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) at one time performed and recognized polygamous marriages. In 1890, they ceased performing new polygamous marriages but continued to recognize polygamy (existing polygamous relationships were not dissolved, but no new polygamous marriages could be performed by the LDS church).

Did the LDS church ever recognize, or have a procedure for recognizing, polygamous marriages entered into under the rules of another religion? For example, Islam permits a man to have up to four wives. If a polygamous Muslim converted to the LDS faith, was there (or is there) a structure, policy, practice, or principle in place to recognize them immediately as a polygamous Mormon upon conversion, or were polygamous marriages "stripped" from converts in a sense?

Marriages performed outside of the LDS church are recognized by the LDS church as valid (though not eternal), but it is unclear if only monogamous marriages are thus recognized or whether they consider any marriage that is not inherently repugnant to the laws of God to be valid. Islam does recognize non-Muslim polygamy for persons converting to Islam to the extent that the polygamy does not violate the rules of marriage in Islam (in the referenced hadith, a convert to Islam who already had more wives than is allowed in Islam was allowed to choose which wives to keep), so it stands to reason that accommodation of polygamous converts to a faith is a realistic concern.

I will admit that mid-1800's Middle America wasn't exactly swarming with polygamous Muslims or polygamous followers of other faiths, so this was not a day-to-day concern, but still someone must have thought about the theory and what would eventually be done if the sphere of polygamous Mormons were to expand across the world.

If the LDS church had a procedure for adjudicating the validity or acceptability of a polygamous marriage solemnized outside of the LDS faith, that counts as an answer, even if that procedure was never invoked in any actual cases.

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    I'm not sure if there are any examples of polygamists converting to Mormonism in the 1800s, but I'll bet someone could find contemporary examples from Africa or other places where polygamy is practiced today. I'm sure it has come up as the LDS Church has continued to grow internationally. – Samuel Bradshaw Jun 10 '17 at 23:45
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    @SamuelBradshaw, the current LDS church policy is that no one can join the church while in a polygamous marriage, so there won't be any contemporary examples (or, rather, the contemporary examples will all have "no" as the answer to the OP's question). – NeutronStar Jun 12 '17 at 1:44
  • @Joshua has that policy been in place continuously since 1890? – Columbia says Reinstate Monica Jun 12 '17 at 17:36
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    I know people who served missions in Uganda, where polygamy is legal and still practised. The hierarchy of wives apparently interferes with callings in the church. No woman wants to accept a calling in the primary for example because in their culture caring for the children falls to the "lowest" wife. I'm not sure what the official church policy is in regards to polygamous families joining the church though. – ShemSeger Jun 12 '17 at 18:07
  • @RobertColumbia, I am not sure, but I know it has been in place for at least the last 12 years or so, at least where I lived in the USA. – NeutronStar Jun 12 '17 at 18:41
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The Church has never recognized polygamous unions formed outside the Church. The authority to enter into a polygamous union is given in Doctrine & Covenants 132 and can only be done (when it was authorized) inside an LDS temple (when temples were available) by Priesthood holders authorized to use the Sealing Keys. Hypothetically, back when the Church was authorizing polygomous unions, someone married polygamously outside the Church would be required to be sealed by proper authority, in the proper place. Which is a long way of saying, no, we have not and do not recognize the authority of other religions to create polygamous unions.

Having said that, it should be noted that the LDS church accepts marriages performed outside our church from a civil point of view, but we consider the marriages to be temporary, "until death do we part." An LDS marriage (called a Sealing, "for time and all eternity") can only be performed by the same sealing authority I mentioned above in our temples. In that regard, we don't recognize marriages performed by other religions at all.

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    "In that regard, we don't recognize marriages performed by other religions at all." Well, the church recognizes them up to the laws of man, which is some what significant. It isn't considered a break of the law of Chasity if you relations out of a sealing, but is out of marriage (unless that marriage is polygamous, for example). – PyRulez Jul 1 '17 at 11:27
  • @PyRulez, you're correct, but if polygamous marriage were legal, for example, in Utah, then the Church would respect the civil union for what it is in the same manner it does today for monogomous unions. Yet, from our perspective, no union not solmnized by Priesthood authority and sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise has eternal value and can only serve to socially moralize the union. – JBH Jul 16 '17 at 18:19
  • correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't think the church recognizes any polygamous marriages, just as it doesn't recognize homosexual ones. – PyRulez Jul 16 '17 at 19:05
  • We've never recognized homosexual marriages and the LDS church (vs. its offshoots like the FLDS) hasn't authorized or permitted polygamous marriage since 1908. – JBH Jul 16 '17 at 20:57
  • @JBH I am with PyRulez here, unless proven otherwise I think the policy, even in countries that allow polygamous marriages, is that you can't get baptized if you are in a polygamous relation. – kutschkem Dec 22 '17 at 15:58

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