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Reading from here and Genesis 5 we see that there are mentions of longevity among prophets:

  • Adam – 930

  • Seth – 912

  • Enosh – 905

  • Jared – 962

  • Methuselah – 969

  • Noah – 950

  • Shem – 600

  • Eber – 464

  • Abraham – 175

  • Moses – 120

My question is are there any other historical books (a book that has nothing to do with Abrahamic religions) that mention any of these ages? Basically what I'm asking was there any non-religious, secular book written that cites these ages? Or a book written by Abrahamic followers that is still somewhat universally accepted?

I personally consider the Old and New Testament as (partially history) books that can be referenced but consider that out of the scope of the question.

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    The requirement "book accepted also by non-Christians or a book that had nothing to do with Abrahamic religions" is not clear. Jewish texts such as the Mishnah and Talmud are unsurprisingly accepted by Jewish traditions but are clearly related to 'Abrahamic religions'. Do they meet your criteria? – bradimus May 24 '17 at 14:44
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    It sounds like this is about history rather than about Christianity. Perhaps you should ask on that site. – Lee Woofenden May 24 '17 at 15:04
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    Josephus considered himself a historian. Are his works 'non-religious, secular'? I think you may run into trouble looking for an ancient text that meets the modern definition of secular. – bradimus May 24 '17 at 15:07
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    Well, it's a shame you edited your post asking instead for secular, nonreligious texts while I offered an answer for non-Abrahamic faiths. How far back are you looking? You'd be hard-pressed to find religion divorced from politics or society the further back you go. – Mea quidem sententia May 24 '17 at 15:37
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    Those guys are usually called the patriarchs, not prophets... – curiousdannii May 24 '17 at 23:56
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You might be interested in the Sumerian King List. These kings lived for centuries before a flood.

When kingship was lowered from heaven, kingship was [first] in Eridu. [In] Eridu, A-lulim [became] king and ruled 28,800 years. Alagar ruled 36,000 years. Two kings [thus] ruled it for 64,800 years. I drop [the topic] Eridu [because] its kingship was brought to Bad-tibira. [In] Bad-tibira, En-men-lu Ana ruled 43,200 years. (Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, Pritchard, p. 265)

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    This answer would be improved if you can show a more coherent linkage between the prophets asked about in the question and the records you cite. – KorvinStarmast May 24 '17 at 15:38
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    Hm. That could be very difficult, if not impossible. By prophet, I take it that you and the OP mean one who speaks the words given by a god. The connection between gods and kings in the ANE should suffice. Or I'd hope. For example, a pharaoh would be thought as an avatar for a god like Ra. I also recall Psalm 45 where the imagery of the king going to battle was given the necessary tools for battle. When I have better access online later, I'll see what I can find. – Mea quidem sententia May 24 '17 at 15:44
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    I just realized that the Q was edited and presented you with a different problem to solve. Hmm, not sure where this is going. – KorvinStarmast May 24 '17 at 15:46
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    The Sumerian Kings list is in my view, definitely the best similar contemporary source. It might cause a problem if your aim is to prove that the recorded ages are literal lifespans though, purely because of the massive lifespans even compared to the ones recorded in Genesis. It's more supportive of the idea that the way people recorded lifespans in this time was exaggerated as a means of conferring status, and therefore that the lifespans in genesis need not necessarily be taken literally. – danl May 25 '17 at 10:39

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