There is very importance given to the hour of death within the Catholic Church and maybe other Christian groups too.

Rosary contains:

Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death.

Matthew 20:1-16 The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard also hints the importance of our last days before death.

There are other sacraments (confession, baptism, the anointment of the sick) that guarantee salvation if performed in the hour of our death.

Aren't we supposed to be judged by our whole life and not just what happens at the hour of our death? Should our whole eternity be based on what we did at the hour of death and pretend like our whole earthly life didn't matter?

So what is the importance or the Catholic teaching on the hour of death if we will be judged based on our whole life and not just that moment right before dying.

2 Corinthians 5:10

For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad.

  • 2
    Within the Eastern Orthodox Church there is a theologoumenon - not doctrine, but theological opinion, that shortly after death the demons will contend for our souls (cf. Jude 1:9). The life of St. Basil the Younger (who is also recognized as a Saint in the Roman Catholic Church) provides an account of a vision he had of the trials that St. Theodora faced after she died. Within the framework of this theologoumenon, we are helped by the saints and angels as we pass through these trials. See the life of St. Peter the Tax Collector.
    – guest37
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 13:47
  • 2
    The above comes out of the Eastern Orthodox Church, not Roman Catholicism, but I offer it as a comment in case it is of interest.
    – guest37
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 13:47

4 Answers 4


TL;DR Important due to both Particular Judgment and Purgatory

The form of the question.

Aren't we supposed to be judged by our whole life and not just what happens at the hour of our death? Should our whole eternity be based on what we did at the hour of death and pretend like our whole earthly life didn't matter?

As my answer will show, that isn't how it works. Your "pretend that it doesn't matter" is a False Assertion imbedded into the question.

The text of the question assumes an answer in the asking of a question (which means the question itself is fallacious in nature). It comes across in this way: (1) I don't know (X), (2) nonetheless it seems to be this way, (3) so why is it this way? This is not a well asked question anywhere, no less on an SE site.

Regarding the Hail Mary1

There are multiple questions answered on this site covering judgment from the Catholic point of view, to include this one here. In summary, the Catholic belief is that when you die you face particular judgment right then (CCC 1021). "When you die" is a time/event that can be called at the hour of our death if one chooses to use that turn of phrase.

It logically follows from Catholic belief that IF

  1. We are to pray for others (we are, see CCC Section IV, Prayer)
  2. And are praying for mercy (we may and should, see CCC, Section IV, Prayer)
  3. And Mary is believed to be an intercessor for us (she is)
  4. And in that office she may appeal to Jesus on our behalf (it is so believed)
  5. And that Jesus is the one who judges us (He does, Please See the Nicene Creed generally and amplified in the CCC2)

THEN it is perfectly rational to make a prayerful appeal for anyone that, upon their death, Mary will intercede and appeal to Jesus to be merciful in judgment upon that person (or collectively to be merciful upon all of us sinners) "at the hour of death" during particular judgment.

CCC 1021 Death puts an end to human life as the time open to either accepting or rejecting the divine grace manifested in Christ. The New Testament speaks of judgment primarily in its aspect of the final encounter with Christ in his second coming, but also repeatedly affirms that each will be rewarded immediately after death in accordance with his works and faith. The parable of the poor man Lazarus and the words of Christ on the cross to the good thief, as well as other New Testament texts speak of a final destiny of the soul--a destiny which can be different for some and for others.

Each person is presumed to have sinned at some point in their lives, and thus at risk of damnation. Not only is that a Catholic belief, it's raw Scripture:

For all sin and fall short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23)

All are judged.

CCC 1022 Each man receives his eternal retribution in his immortal soul at the very moment of his death, in a particular judgment that refers his life to Christ: either entrance into the blessedness of heaven-through a purification or immediately, -- or immediate and everlasting damnation.
- At the evening of life, we shall be judged on our love. (~St. John of the Cross, Dichos 64.)

About the Sacraments

There are other sacraments (confession, baptism, the anointment of the sick) that guarantee salvation if performed in the hour of our death.

This is an oversimplification that misses the point of Catholic belief and practice. The one thing Christians do believe is that Baptism does indeed wash away sin, and Catholic belief goes further to aver that one is in a state of Baptismal Grace upon receiving the sacrament of Baptism. This state removes all sin to include the stain of original sin.

  • First: Baptism, from which the other sacraments follow.

    Baptismal grace is necessary, indeed it is the precondition, for salvation.

  • Second: Confession. (CCC 1440-1460 The Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation).

    Every time a Catholic goes to confession and receives absolution by completing the sacrament of penance and reconciliation, they are restored to the state of baptismal grace. That, in a nutshell, is the gift of this sacrament. The general teaching/rule is that a Catholic should be doing this at least once per year3. (This is often called "Easter Duty"). The encouragement to go to confession monthly is a common position taken by clergy. So no, you don't wait until "the hour of your death" to reconcile your sins if you follow the teachings of the Church. It's like car maintenance, but maybe better called "soul maintenance."

  • Third: The sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick CCC 1449-1532

    Particularly for those near death, this sacrament combines three things when performed in full:

    • Confession and Absolution (restoration of Baptismal Grace, see above)
    • Healing / Blessing / Spiritual Strengthening
    • Viaticum (Receiving the Eucharist)
  • Fourth: Purgatory

    Purgatory is believed to be where any residual stain/effects of sin are purified/cleaned away so that the soul may at long last enter the presence of God, into whose presence no impurity may enter. Put another way:

    Purgatory (Lat., "purgare", to make clean, to purify) in accordance with Catholic teaching is a place or condition of temporal punishment for those who, departing this life in God's grace, are, not entirely free from venial faults, or have not fully paid the satisfaction due to their transgressions.

Back to your question

Aren't we supposed to be judged by our whole life and not just what happens at the hour of our death?

According to CCC 1021/1022 and the above, we are indeed so judged on the whole. IF, regardless of our receiving baptismal grace, making regular confession, and even receiving absolution on our death bed, we still have the residual stain of sin THEN we require further purification upon receiving our particular judgment, which occurs "at the hour of our death."

Put bluntly: No, it isn't like nothing else ever happened.

1Louis de Montfort made further comment on the risks to our souls at the hour of our death.

(Article 58. "Pray for us now," during this short life, so fraught with sorrow and uncertainty; now, because we can be sure of nothing except the present moment; now that we are surrounded and attacked night and day by powerful and ruthless enemies.

"And at the hour of our death," so terrible and full of danger, when our strength is waning and our spirits are sinking, and our souls and bodies are worn out with fear and pain; at the hour of our death when the devil is working with might and main to ensnare us and cast us into perdition; at that hour when our lot will be decided forever and ever, heaven or hell.

Come to the help of your poor children, gentle Mother of pity, Advocate and Refuge of sinners, at the hour of our death drive far from us our bitter enemies, the devils, our accusers, whose frightful presence fills us with dread. Light our path through the valley of the shadow of death. Lead us to thy Son's judgment-seat and remain at our side. Intercede for us and ask thy Son to pardon us and receive us into the ranks of thy elect in the realms of everlasting glory. {snip}
103. Then the devils started screaming:
104. "Oh, you who are enemy, our downfall and our destruction, why have you come from heaven to torture us so grievously? O advocate of sinners, you who snatch them from the very jaws of hell, you who are a most sure path to heaven, must we, in spite of ourselves, tell the whole truth and confess before everyone who it is who is the cause of our shame and our ruin? Oh, woe to us, princes of darkness. {snip}
We have to say, however, reluctantly, that no soul who has really persevered in her service has ever been damned with us; one single sigh that she offers to the Blessed Trinity is worth far more than all the prayers, desires, and aspirations of all the saints. We fear her more than all the other saints in heaven together, and we have no success with her faithful servants.

2 II. To Judge the Living and the Dead

678 Following in the steps of the prophets and John the Baptist, Jesus announced the judgment of the Last Day in his preaching. Then will the conduct of each one and the secrets of hearts be brought to light. Then will the culpable unbelief that counted the offer of God's grace as nothing be condemned. Our attitude to our neighbor will disclose acceptance or refusal of grace and divine love. On the Last Day Jesus will say:
"Truly I say to you, as you did it to one > of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me."(Matthew 25:40)
679 Christ is Lord of eternal life. Full right to pass definitive judgment on the works and hearts of men belongs to him as redeemer of the world. He "acquired" this right by his cross. The Father has given "all judgement to the Son". Yet the Son did not come to judge, but to save and to give the life he has in himself. By rejecting grace in this life, one already judges oneself, receives according to one's works, and can even condemn oneself for all eternity by rejecting the Spirit of love.

3 The Fourth Lateran Council (1215) had mandated, "Every faithful of either sex who has reached the age of discretion should at least once a year faithfully confess all his sins in secret to his own priest. He should strive as far as possible to fulfill the penance imposed on him, and with reverence receive at least during Easter time the sacrament of the Eucharist." For good reason, this mandate became simply known as "the Easter duty."

  • I think you are over complicating things. I asked a very simple question so I expect a simple answer.
    – Grasper
    Commented May 11, 2017 at 13:31
  • Congratulations, Korvin. A tour de force. I would just add that, in addition to the Easter duty, most Bishops recommend the faithful to confess their sins once a month, if they can.
    – Wtrmute
    Commented May 11, 2017 at 13:40
  • @Wtrmute I fi that "once a month" recommendation in as you suggested. Commented May 11, 2017 at 14:23
  • @Grasper Welcome to the SE family of sites. Long answers are a norm here. You are encouraged to do some research before you ask questions. The CCC has been on line for years. There is also a shorter version called The Compendium that has many FAQ's and summaries, here. The Search function on this site is also extremely helpful and useful. Commented May 11, 2017 at 14:27

The short answer you're looking for is martyrdom. The reason that the Church waives the requirement for a miracle for beatification.

It should be noted that in cases of martyrdom the miracle required for beatification can be waived - martyrdom being understood as a miracle of grace. In this case, the vote of the Congregation would establish the death of the Servant of God as true martyrdom, resulting in a Decree of Martyrdom by the Holy Father.

The Process of Beatification & Canonization

You want to pray that the hour of your death has the same faithful vigor as the martyrs, who were incapable of denying Christ by a special grace - that majorly ups your chances of Paradisaical Amenities. Of course, you still have to die, and probably in a violent, merciless and ignoble way. But that's what being a Christian is all about!

St. Theresa of Calcutta lived a long and virtuous life and still needed two miracles to be canonizized, but her sisters in Yemen had their lives cut short and will only need one.

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    So they've got that going for them, which is nice, I think. ~ St Carl of Spackler Commented May 12, 2017 at 4:15
  • Your answer makes the most sense.
    – Grasper
    Commented May 12, 2017 at 14:55

The Catholic Church will let you get as complicated as you want, but the Catholic Catechism has a beautiful, elegant answer about salvation based on Romans 6:8-11.

Part 3, Section 1, Chap 3, Art 2: 1987 "The grace of the Holy Spirit has the power to justify us, that is, to cleanse us from our sins and to communicate to us "the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ" and through Baptism.

But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him. For we know that Christ being raised from the dead will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. The death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God. So you also must consider yourselves as dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus." Romans 6:8-11

In other words, if you're in Christ, you don't need to worry about the hour of your death. Only the unsaved need fear death. But death is important in the sense that it ends your chances of earning any more rewards for your good deeds.

  • Nancy, welcome to Christianity.SE. Pleas have a look at the tour and the help center to see how a Q&A site works. Also, please have a look around at some of the other questions and answers on a variety of Christian topics. Thanks for you answer, and we hope you'll stick around. Commented May 11, 2017 at 21:19

Some views on the last hour.

Spurgeon (last chance) What I am when death is held before me, that I must be forever. When my spirit goes, if God finds me hymning his praise, I shall hymn it in heaven; doth he find me breathing out oaths, I shall follow up those oaths in hell. Where death leaves me, judgment finds me. As I die, so shall I live eternally. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/spurgeon/sermons01.xxii.html

Ryle (in life, so death) Sinners we are in the day we first come to Christ. Poor needy sinners we continue to be so long as we live, drawing all the grace we have every hour out of Christ’s fullness. Sinners we shall find ourselves in the hour of our death, and shall die as much indebted to Christ’s blood as in the day when we first believed. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/ryle/matthew.x.i.html

Luther (in life, so death) When this divine promise has been once conferred upon us, its truth continues even to the hour of our death; and thus our faith in it ought never to be relaxed, http://www.ccel.org/ccel/luther/first_prin.v.iii.iii.html

CCC (in life, so death) 1013 Death is the end of man's earthly pilgrimage, of the time of grace and mercy which God offers him so as to work out his earthly life in keeping with the divine plan, and to decide his ultimate destiny.

CCC (but trust in Mary) Pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death: By asking Mary to pray for us, we acknowledge ourselves to be poor sinners and we address ourselves to the "Mother of Mercy," the All-Holy One. We give ourselves over to her now, in the Today of our lives. And our trust broadens further, already at the present moment, to surrender "the hour of our death" wholly to her care. May she be there as she was at her son's death on the cross. May she welcome us as our mother at the hour of our passing to lead us to her son, Jesus, in paradise. CCC-2677

  • While this is an interesting answer, the question asked for the perspective from the catholic perspective. (Note the Catholicism tag on the question). Please see this meta answer for some background and some thoughts on scope in this Meta. Commented May 17, 2017 at 12:32

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