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What is the Biblical basis for preachers to be paid from members' tithing?

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    I've voted to reopen this question, but you should know that many or most Christians do not consider "tithing" the correct term to use. Tithing was strictly a tax for supporting the Jewish priests and Levites. – curiousdannii Apr 26 '17 at 23:56
  • If you want the question to be more neutral you could change it to "from members' gifts" – curiousdannii Apr 27 '17 at 0:10
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That's an easy question to answer. The key is to know what the title pastor was referred to in both the Old Testament & also the New Testament. They didn't use the term pastor, like we do today. In the OT the term pastor was called a Priest. In the NT the same title pastor is known as an Elder. (Some of the synonyms for those titles, can be found at the bottom of this message.)

If you use a Bible search engine like these & look for "priest" plus "tithe", you can find the answers which you're looking for. (Or you can scroll down & keep reading.)

Here is the OT answer from Numbers 18:28 (NIV):

In this way you also will present an offering to the Lord from all the tithes you receive from the Israelites. From these tithes you must give the Lord’s portion to Aaron the priest.

Aaron was the high priest. So the best part of the tithes was to go to him. We call that "the best of the best". It's the top 1%. (Formula: 100% / 10 = 10% / 10 = 1% = Best of the Best = the Lord's portion!)

Here are some NT answers:

Hebrews 7:5 (NIV):

Now the law requires the descendants of Levi who become priests to collect a tenth from the people—that is, from their fellow Israelites—even though they also are descended from Abraham.

This is the verse which you're looking for:

1 Corinthians 9:12-13 (NIV):

Don’t you know that those who serve in the temple get their food from the temple, and that those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar? In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.

Here is why you're probably confused:

Paul didn't want to be a burden on anyone, so he chose tent making as his trade. Just remember that his calling was to be a traveling missionary to the Gentile world & not necessarily a stationary synagogue elder to the Jews in Jerusalem.

Part of Acts 18:2-3 (NET):

... Paul approached them, 3 and because he worked at the same trade, he stayed with them and worked with them (for they were tentmakers by trade).

Paul didn't want to take anything from the tithe as he wanted a reward. Paul just has a hard time explaining it though in 1st Corinthians 9:15-18. In v. 19, we see what his heart really wanted:

1 Corinthians 9:19 (ESV):

For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them.

There are some indirect verses too. Since I'm not going to do all of your Bible study homework for you, you can continue studying by checking out these verses too:

If you're thinking about becoming a pastor, you'll need to read 1st Corinthians 9 plus the entire Bible, MANY MANY times & pray a lot to ask God if it's His will that you should become one! For the sake of your own eternal future, DO NOT choose the profession lightly! But seek His guidance through prayer & Bible study. Then patiently wait upon The Lord to answer you! If He says yes, then by all means pursue becoming a pastor! If He says no, then don't force it. See James 3:1 for the reason. Someday, I hope to see you in Heaven!

Here is a note about the title of the ordained office, for clarification purposes: One of the synonyms of the title for a priest/pastor/elder would be a Presbyter. Bible translations tend to refer to priests in the OT & elders in the NT. It's someone who reads the Words of God - AKA scrolls - and then teaches the congregation. The printing press wasn't invented until around 1440 A.D. Anyone who was called by God & then ordained by God & set apart where God gave them their primary job, which was to read His Word and/or copy His Word or translate His Word like Martin Luther did & preach + teach His Word to others, would be considered a priest, rabbi, elder, overseers, presbyter, bishop, reverend, pastor, etc... (The Internet wasn't invented until the 1960's with the WWW in 1990. Now we can easily get digital copies of the Bible for free!) Someone who didn't preach 2,000 years ago, but just copied scrolls, was a scribe. Someone who served under a priest, but isn't a full-time called & ordained pastor, but was allowed to serve in the church - like on weekends & is a full-time worker somewhere else... like in an office or a factory - is a deacon.

  • "In the OT the term pastor was called a Priest." That seems very inaccurate to me. "Pastor" means "shepherd", and the priests are rarely if ever called shepherds. Saul is called Israel's shepherd, and then the frequent occurrences of shepherd in Jeremiah and Ezekiel seem to be less specific - I'd take it as referring generally to Israel's leaders. – curiousdannii Apr 28 '17 at 6:10
  • @Clomp In your first paragraph, by elder do you mean presbyter as brought to us in English from Greek? Also, do you feel that Genesis 14 may also inform a biblical basis? If so, adding it would IMO improve the answer. If not, no worries. – KorvinStarmast Apr 28 '17 at 13:42
  • @KorvinStarmast Yes. I looked up the definition of Presbyter & that is what a priest is. Someone who teaches the Word of God to the people. Back then they had very few copies of scrolls. They had to read, then teach. Today, everyone can get a printed or a digital Bible. Yes, Gen. 14 shows us that a priest who blesses the people & also blesses God, plus who doesn't ask for money deserves the honor of a tithe. Jesus even gives His 72 disciples instructions in Luke 10. See v. 7. – Clomp Apr 29 '17 at 4:35
  • @KorvinStarmast Thank you for the great ideas! God bless you! – Clomp Apr 29 '17 at 5:19
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    Priests of the OT and pastors of the NT are not synonymous. Their roles were not the same and I think the answer is misleading to suggest so. – Birdie May 1 '17 at 6:05

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