When Jesus is arrested and His captors take His clothes, they split them in four parts. However, His coat they did not split, as John records, "the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout." See John 19:23,24.

Is this seamless robe only significant because it led to the fulfillment of the scripture in Psalm 22? Is there a theological or doctrinal symbolic significance of having no seam?

I don't even know the process of weaving - how would you make a coat without seams? (I assume it has sleeves)

  • 1
    don't know much about weaving, either - but I do know it's possible to knit seamlessly :)
    – warren
    Aug 25, 2011 at 21:03
  • hmmm, good insight. maybe in regards to that part of the question, I should be asking about the choice of "woven" in the English translation.
    – dleyva3
    Aug 25, 2011 at 21:09
  • Its the Armarni of his day? A really nice robe? Aug 31, 2011 at 4:25

2 Answers 2


There is definitely theological significance to the seamless tunic of Jesus, "woven from the top throughout." Here is a linguistic argument for that significance.

The Greek for John 19:23 (Nestlé-Aland) says εκ την ανωθεν υψαντος δι ολου. ek ten anothen hupsatos di holou "From the top woven by entirety", literally.

That same word ανωθεν (anothen, from the top) happens to show up in John 3:7, which says in the KJV, "Marvel not that I said unto thee, "Ye must be born again." The Greek phrase is δει υμας γεννηθηναι ανωθεν. It-is-necessary you will-be-born again? top?.

Jesus's garment is woven from the top in just one piece. Yet we must be born (again?) (from above?) Is it possible that the seamless wholeness of the garment is a symbol of the wholeness conferred by baptism?


Yes, there is definitely theological meaning to the seamless woven garment (John 19:23). The mention of the garment tells us the Jesus was acting as High Priest. The High Priest wore such a garment at Passover. In fact, without the garment, the priest was not fit to serve (Ezekiel 44:19). The garment is not the ONLY thing that makes the priest fit to serve, but it is a MUST. The Levitical priests all wore this garment; it is mentioned specifically in the narrative telling of king Saul's order to Doeg to murder 85 priests (1 Samuel 22:18). Mentioned elsewhere I am sure.

So Jesus is BOTH the Lamb AND the High Priest who offers the Lamb (himself). Jesus was crucified "at the sixth hour" (John 19:14). That was the very hour in which the High Priest began the slaughter of the Passover lambs in the Temple.

Interesting also that at Calvary, while on the cross, Jesus is still presiding over the Passover meal that began MANY hours earlier. FOUR cups of wine were taken at the Passover meal, but only THREE cups are consumed before Jesus abruptly gets up and leads the apostles to the garden. The "cup after supper" (Luke 22:20) was the third of four cups consumed at the Passover meal. The four cups were to recall the four "I will" promises of deliverance made by God to Moses in Exodus 6:6-7 ("bring you out," "rescue you," "redeem you," and "take you as my people" (NKJV)). The third cup is often called the "cup of blessing" or the "cup of redemption."

The FOURTH cup is consumed after the Great Hallel (the singing of Psalms 114-118). Mark 14:26 and Matthew 26:30 tell us that they sang a hymn before going "out to the Mount of Olives" (NKJV). Having controlled EXACTLY when the wine is served to him on the cross (John 19:28-29) Jesus drinks the fourth cup and then says, "It is finished," meaning the Passover meal is finished. Not a priestly function (or is it? not sure?) but another illustration of how deliberate and in-control Jesus was in performing his various roles even on the day of his death. In praise and thanks!

  • Welcome! That is some interesting material, and sourced well Biblically. If you hadn't sourced it, it would not have been acceptable but you did so +1 for that. In general this is an excellent first post, but I'd like to recommend you take a look at our help center and tour to help you in future answers. Best of luck! Mar 25, 2015 at 7:00

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .