If the Mathew 28:19 (and the Great Commission therein) is considered an authentic verse, why aren’t there any instances in the NT where the apostles actually baptized someone using the Trinitarian formula (i.e., “in the name of Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit”)?

19 “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, NKJV, 1982

I'm looking for explanations given by defenders of trinitarianism.

  • according to our local pastor, the word translated as "in" should actually be translated as "into". He held an entire sermon on this.However, I have my douts so not posting an answer. – Mark Gardner Jan 10 '17 at 14:35

In Acts (2:38, 8:12, 8:16, 10:48, and 19:5), baptism "in the name of the Lord Jesus" is mentioned. By saying "name" (singular), the Divine Essence of the Holy Trinity is signified, not the Persons individually. It is not not solely the Second Person of the Holy Trinity who effects baptism, but all the Persons working together as one.

As the Catechism of the Council of Trent §The Sacrament of Baptism, says regarding the form of the sacrament of baptism,

Baptism is the work not of the Son alone, of whom St. John says, He it is that baptizeth (John 1:33), but of the Three Persons of the Blessed Trinity together. By saying, however, in the name [singular], not in the names [plural], we distinctly declare that in the Trinity there is but one Nature and Godhead. The word name is here referred not to the Persons, but to the Divine Essence, virtue and power, which are one and the same in Three Persons.

Also, see these sections of idem:

Essential And Non­-Essential Words Of The Form

It is, however, to be observed that of the words contained in this form, which we have shown to be the complete and perfect one, some are absolutely necessary, so that the omission of them renders the valid administration of the Sacrament impossible; while others on the contrary, are not so essential as to affect its validity.

Of the latter kind is the word ego (I), the force of which is included in the word baptizo (I baptise). Nay more, the Greek Church, adopting a different manner of expressing the form, and being of opinion that it is unnecessary to make mention of the minister, omits the pronoun altogether. The form universally used in the Greek Church is: Let this servant of Christ be baptised in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. It appears, however, from the decision and definition of the Council of Florence, that those who use this form administer the Sacraments validly, because the words sufficiently express what is essential to the validity of Baptism, that is, the ablution which then takes place.

Baptism In The Name Of Christ

If at any time the Apostles baptised in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ only, we can be sure they did so by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, in order, in the infancy of the Church, to render their preaching more illustrious by the name of Jesus Christ, and to proclaim more effectually His divine and infinite power. If, however, we examine the matter more closely, we shall find that such a form omits nothing which the Saviour Himself commands to be observed; for he who mentions Jesus Christ implies the Person of the Father, by whom, and that of the Holy Ghost, in whom, He was anointed.

And yet, the use of this form by the Apostles seems rather doubtful if we accept the opinions of Ambrose and Basil, holy Fathers eminent for sanctity and authority, who interpret baptism in the name of Jesus Christ to mean the Baptism instituted by Christ our Lord, as distinguished from that of John, and who say that the Apostles did not depart from the ordinary and usual form which comprises the distinct names of the Three Persons. Paul also, in his Epistle to the Galatians, seems to have expressed himself in a similar manner, when he says: As many of you as have been baptised in Christ, have put on Christ, meaning that they were baptised in the faith of Christ, but with no other form than that which the same Saviour our Lord had commanded to be observed.


Simple....God is one God not 3 separate god's...Hear o Israel the Lord our God is one ....The Lord says besides me, there is no other....He doesn't share his glory with anyone and he doesn't have multiple personality disorder...Jehovah God wrapped himself in a flesh body that he created in Mary's womb....The Holyspirit overshadowed Mary and he created the egg and the blood....The blood had to be pure and without sin to be able to be the perfect sacrifice for our sins....There are 3 offices of the Godhead....The Father, the highest office, God above us....The son of God, Jesus Christ, in the flesh...God with us.....The Holyspirit....The power of God, the ressurrect on power that raised the body of Jesus Christ in the third day....The Trinity I a false doctrine and I must affirm that this is a lie....The Bible says the Holyspirit overshadowed Mary and she conceived....Think about this....If the Trinity is true the is the Father the Father of Jesus Christ or is the Holy Spirit the Father? The Holyspirit caused Mary to conceive...In Isaiah 9 I believe....I am not positive off the top of my head so just Google "Unto us a child is born" etc....This baby, Jesus Christi's prophesied to be many titles and one of those titles is the Everlasting FATHER...Yes...Jesus is the Father ....There was no preincarnate second person of the Trinity ....There is one God and Jesus is his name and always has been his name....Repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins( the removal of your sins)....The only way we can be saved is through the name of the Lord Jesus Christ ...Jesus said, no man comes to the Father except through the son....The Lord knew it would take blood to save humanity....He came himself to die for our sins....Read in the book of Colossians in the New Testament....ALL the fullness of the Godhead dwelt in the body of the Lord Jesus Christ...ALL...And u will KNOW the truth, THEN the truth will set u free...God bless..

  • Jeannette, welcome. Please take the tour and visit the help center. This site and this community do not accept Wall of Text answers. Please format your answer into standard, organized prose so that it is easier to read, and also easier to understand. A little hint, for using the Markup language. To get a paragraph break, make sure you put two spaces after the period, and then hit Return. Otherwise, the markup language will not make a visual break. – KorvinStarmast Nov 20 '18 at 22:23

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